Diabetes Mellitus

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition or a disease that affects the body’s ability to use the energy found in the food. It is referred to as Diabetes. It is the condition where the pancreas gland does not generate enough insulin required by the body to make energy.

Diabetes Mellitus Condition

Diabetes Mellitus Condition

The body breaks down the carbohydrates and sugar and then converts it into a special sugar called Glucose. This glucose is used to fuel up the body. But our body needs insulin, to convert this glucose into energy. Hence during this condition, the body does not produce insulin, hence it leads to high blood sugar levels in the body which are called as Diabetes Mellitus. This condition is usually related to the pancreas, an organ which is involved in producing insulin.

The two classes of Diabetes Mellitus :

  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus – It is one of the Diabetes where the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin in the body and destroys the immune system. It is called as insulin-dependent diabetes.  This process involves injecting the insulin through the skin.
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – Also called as insulin resistance diabetes, this type of diabetes is a condition where the pancreas’s produce some insulin in the body. But the produced insulin is not sufficient as per the body’s requirements and the cells are resistant to it. This condition is called as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Gestational diabetes – It is a type of diabetes which usually occurs when a pregnant woman develops high blood sugar levels without a previous history of diabetes.

Main Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

 Symptoms of Diabetes MellitusThe common symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus are given below-
The above diagram shows the areas affected and the symptoms by Diabetes. The main common symptoms associated with the Diabetes are below-

  • Increased thirst.
  • Weight loss.
  • Increased urination.
  • Hunger due to starvation of cells.
  • Fatigue.
  • Slow healing of wounds.
  • Yeast infections.
  • Tingling sensation in the feet or the toes.

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

The smallest blood vessels of the body are damaged due to the production of high blood sugar levels. This, in turn, leads to the decrease in the blood flow level in the body resulting in the death of tissues.This condition also affects the other parts of the body such as the heart, kidneys, nervous system etc. Hence it has a large effect on the immune system of the body by completely damaging it.

Necessary treatment for Diabetes Mellitus

  • Frequently testing your blood sugar levels.
  • By planning your meals accordingly.
  • Performing exercises regularly.
  • Injecting insulin and other medications when required.

Hence by proper treatment and care, this disease can be considerably reduced to merely good extents.

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Practise This Question

The economically valuable excretory product of coniferous trees is/are ________.