Difference Between Epidermis and Dermis

Difference Between Epidermis and Dermis

The largest organ in the human body, the skin, plays an important role in overall health and well-being. Skin is divided into three main areas namely: dermis, epidermis and hypodermis. Here, in this article let us discuss the differences between dermis and epidermis. The main difference between epidermis and dermis lies in their structure. The various differences between the two are given below in a tabular column.

Epidermis vs Dermis

Epidermis Dermis
Outer most layer of cells that cover the body of an organism A layer of living cells below epidermis consisting of nerve endings, blood vessel, sweat glands and hair follicle
Doesn’t contain blood vessels Comprises a thin network of vessels known as capillaries
No nerves present in epidermis Comprises nerves that conduct nerve impulses from central nervous system towards the brain. Sensation of pain originates from the open nerve ending of this layer.
Found in both plants and animals Found in animals only
Obtains essential nutrients and oxygen by diffusion from the dermis Obtains oxygen and nutrients from the blood capillaries

These were a few differences between dermis and epidermis. The epidermis and dermis together form the basic body covering; the skin. Both perform the function of protecting internal organs from dehydration, disease and damage.

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Practise This Question

In a pair of contrasting traits, expressing traits and not expressing traits in the progeny are called as _____ and _____ respectively.

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