Difference between Herbs and Shrubs

We see a variety of plants daily in our garden. These plants produce different color and size of flowers, the different pattern of leaves, etc. Despite the fact, they all have same parts and the same functions.

Therefore, based on the plant’s height, size, type of the stem, number of branches with leaves, flower, fruits, etc. Scientist classified these plants into herbs, shrubs, and trees.

Here let us explore more about the difference between herbs and shrubs with their examples.

What are Herbs?

They are small plants with a green and tender stem. These plants have a green colored, delicate stem with very few branches. These plants have very less strength in their stem and can be easily uprooted from the soil. They contain an adequate and essential amount of nutritional benefits including vitamins and minerals. Basil, garlic, mint, and tomato are few examples of herbs around us.

What are Shrubs?

They are tall or medium-sized plants with the woody stem, with several branches. These plants have a hard, flexible and strong stem. Hibiscus, jasmine lemon, and rose are some of the common shrubs around us.

Difference between Herbs and Shrubs

Here are some interesting differences between Herbs and Shrubs.



Smaller than the shrubs.

Are taller and grow in meters.

Have single stem.

Have multiple branches.

Have the delicate and thin tissue.

Have strong and wood tissue.

Annual, biennial, and perennial.

Mainly perennial

Have non-woody and soft stem.

Have thick and hard stem.

These stems have no branches.

Have branches at their bases.

Herbs are called as rootstock.

Shrubs are referred to as the woody plant.

Examples of herbs include- Rice, wheat, onion, fennel, grass, etc.

Examples of shrubs include- Orange, peach, lavender, etc.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more about plants, its types, and its importance.

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