The flowering plants or the angiosperms are the most diversified group of plants. Most of the plants that you see around and that which dominate the plant population belong to this group. The angiosperms are further divided into monocotyledon and dicotyledon. These two differ in four distinct structural features: roots, stems, leaves and flower. But, the differences start from the seed: the very beginning of a plant’s life cycle. Cotyledon refers to the ‘first seed leaf’, present in the embryo. If it is a single seed leaf, then it is categorised as monocots and if it is a pair of leaves then it is categorised as dicots. This small difference at the very start of the plant’s life cycle leads each plant to develop vast differences about which we will further discuss in the article. The differences between monocotyledon and dicotyledon are given below in a tabular column.
Monocotyledon vs Dicotyledon
|The monocot embryos have a single cotyledon||The dicot embryos have a pair of cotyledons|
|They have a fibrous root system||They have a tap root system|
|Leaves in monocots have parallel venation||Leaves in dicots have reticulate or net venation|
|In monocot flowers, the number of individual parts of the flower is equal to or multiple of three||The number of individual parts in a dicot flower is equal to or multiple of four or five|
|The roots and stems of Monocotyledons do not have a cambium and cannot enlarge in diameter||The roots and stems of Dicotyledons have a cambium and can enlarge in diameter.|
|A few examples of monocotyledons are garlic, onions, wheat, corn and grass||A few examples of dicots are beans, cauliflower, apples and pear|
Understanding different kinds of plants are beneficial as we can better nourish and grow them. At BYJU’S, you can learn more differences like the difference between nucleus and nucleoid and many more.