What is Hepatitis?



Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. It imbalances the normal functioning of bile production, excretion of drugs and hormones, metabolism of fats, proteins, synthesis of proteins and enzymes activation.

Hepatitis A

It is an infectious disease of the liver that is caused by Hepatitis A virus. It is acute and in most of the cases, symptoms could not be recognized in young people. Symptoms include vomiting, nausea, fever, severe abdominal pain, jaundice, weakness and these symptoms might last longer till eight weeks.

It is transmitted to others by contaminated food, water and by being in close contact with the infected person. It can be diagnosed by some simple blood tests. Hepatitis A vaccine helps in preventing disease.

Hepatitis B

It is an infectious disease caused by an infection with Hepatitis B virus. It is contracted through flat tired wounds, contact with blood, saliva, fluids of an infectious body. Sharing personal belongings such as razors or toothbrush of an infected person would also cause Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B symptoms include abdominal pain, fatigue, and jaundice. Symptoms do not come to limelight until one to six months. It could be diagnosed through a common blood test.

Hepatitis B Vaccine could be done for both for adults and children. It comprises of three intramuscular vaccines. Second and third vaccines are provided after one and six months after the first vaccine.

Hepatitis C

It is an infection that is caused by a virus Hepatitis C in the liver. This can be hooked from needles that have been infected, at the time of birth (i.e. transmitted from infected mother to child), through body fluids of an infected person, having sex with multiple partners specifically with HIV-infected persons. It would not spread through food or water.

Symptoms include loss of appetite, tiredness, frequently occurring fever, yellowing of your skin or eyes, joint pain, abnormalities in urine and abdominal pain. These signs occur after six or seven weeks of exposure to a virus. Signs might take even several years to appear in rare cases.

Hepatitis D

It is one of the severe liver diseases that are caused by a virus Hepatitis D. It spreads from infected blood or wound. Sometimes it might occur in conjunction with Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis E

This is a waterborne disease spread by the said virus. It might be circulated through food, water, and contaminated blood. It could be either acute or chronic.

Practise This Question

 In total, how many of the following animals show oestrus cycle and menstrual cycle respectively?

Cow, Human, Gorilla, Tiger, Deer, Dog, Monkey, Rat and Sheep.