Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. It is a serious, chronic health problem related to the pressure or the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. It is quite common in today’s lifestyle and affects nearly one billion people worldwide. There are two main types of Hypertension:
- Primary Hypertension
- Secondary Hypertension.
The main factors responsible for Hypertension include obesity, family history and other lifestyle factors. It is a risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. Controlled blood pressure reduces the risk of strokes, heart attacks, heart failures, etc. It can be managed by a number of ways such as physical exercise, reduction of stress, medications, etc.
Hypertension can be caused due to:
- Kidney problems
- Cushing syndrome
- Adrenal hyperplasia
Symptoms of hypertension
The common symptoms of hypertension include:
- Chest Pain.
- Heart attack.
- Bleeding Nose.
- Visual Changes.
- Shortness of Breath.
- Flushing or Blushing.
- Narrowing of blood vessels.
- Formation of plagues in the blood vessels.
These were a few common symptoms of Hypertension. There are few treatments and medications available to cure, control and reduce the level of blood pressure. The combination of a healthy diet, regular physical activities, and maintaining a healthy weight are few healthy lifestyle changes, which can help an individual to control the factors that cause hypertension. There are major complications of hypertension if it is left untreated, and they include heart diseases, loss of visions, fluid build-up in the lungs, damage to the kidney and other organs’ failure.
Hypertension or high blood pressure can be prevented by following a heart-healthy diet. This includes:
- Reduce salt intake
- Avoid consuming alcohol
- Consume more fruits and vegetables
- Avoid calories rich food
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more about the Hypertension, its symptoms and risk factors.
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