Bacteria can only reproduce asexually.
Bacteria are unicellular, microscopic organisms, which have been grouped as prokaryotes, which means these organisms lack a true nucleus. These microscopic organisms reproduce asexual methods only. Asexual reproduction occurs by the formation of endospores. Sexual reproduction is unheard of in bacteria – though there is a process which is comparable to sexual reproduction – bacterial recombination.
Bacterial Recombination is usually carried out in one of three ways:
- Transformation – Here, the DNA from the capsulated bacteria is transferred to non-capsulated bacteria.
- Transduction – Here, the DNA is transferred from one bacterial cell to a different bacterial cell through of a bacteriophage. It is known to take place in different bacterial species, namely Escherichia, Micrococcus, Salmonella, etc.
- Conjugation – Here, the genetic material of a bacterial cell of a specific strain is shifted from a donor or male into that of another bacterial cell recipient or female of a different strain. The donor cells have a sex factor or F factor and the recipient cells do not possess this factor and thereby it is expressed as F- strain.
Main Article: Bacteria
Asexual Reproduction in Bacteria
Binary Fission – It is a common and simple method of asexual reproduction in bacteria. In this process of asexual reproduction, the nucleus of a parent cell divides into two, leading to two equal-sized daughter cells.
Explore more fascinating topics by registering at BYJU’S Biology.
Discover interesting topics:
- Can point mutations cause Frameshifts?
- What is evolution Short answer?
- What does asexual reproduction mean?
- How do humans reproduce asexually?
- How can biotechnology help treat diseases?
- What are the common signs and symptoms of reproductive system disorders?
- Sexual reproduction