Do Bacteria Reproduce Sexually Or Asexually?

Bacteria can only reproduce asexually.

Bacteria are unicellular, microscopic organisms, which have been grouped as prokaryotes, which means these organisms lack a true nucleus. These microscopic organisms reproduce asexual methods only.  Asexual reproduction occurs by the formation of endospores. Sexual reproduction is unheard of in bacteria – though there is a process which is comparable to sexual reproduction – bacterial recombination.

Bacterial Recombination

Bacterial Recombination is usually carried out in one of three ways:

  1. Transformation – Here, the DNA from the capsulated bacteria is transferred to non-capsulated bacteria.
  2. Transduction – Here, the DNA is transferred from one bacterial cell to a different bacterial cell through of a bacteriophage. It is known to take place in different bacterial species, namely Escherichia, Micrococcus, Salmonella, etc.
  3. Conjugation – Here, the genetic material of a bacterial cell of a specific strain is shifted from a donor or male into that of another bacterial cell recipient or female of a different strain. The donor cells have a sex factor or F factor and the recipient cells do not possess this factor and thereby it is expressed as F- strain.

Main Article: Bacteria

Asexual Reproduction in Bacteria

Binary Fission – It is a common and simple method of asexual reproduction in bacteria. In this process of asexual reproduction, the nucleus of a parent cell divides into two, leading to two equal-sized daughter cells.

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