What is Sporulation?
The formation of nearly asleep and inactive forms of bacteria is known as Sporulation. Spores can preserve the bacteria’s genetic material when the conditions are harsh and difficult for the normal form of bacteria.
Sporulation provides a multilayered structure that can be maintained for a long time. Spores are designed to protect a bacterium from dryness, heat, and intense radiation for a long time, relative to the normal life span of the microorganism. Endospores of Bacillus subtilis have been recovered from substances that are thousands of years old. Also, these are capable of resuscitation into a healthy and dividing cell. There has been a recovery of spores from amber that is more than 250 million years old.
What is the process of sporulation in bacteria?
If Sporulation allows diseases such as anthrax and botulism to spread, may prove to be a dangerous process. While these are harmful spores, there are others that are helpful as well. Most of the fungi reproduce through spores, including useful fungi such as edible mushrooms and mold that is processed in penicillin.
Many plants do not reproduce through sporification, but a few primitive plants do. These plants are essential to understand the Evolution that led to the beginning of plant life on Earth. Tumbleweeds, mosses, and ferns are some of the well known plants that reproduce through spores.
Spores hold an advantage over seeds and other types of reproduction due to their hardness. They can be stable and survive at extreme temperature and pressure and without water. Plants and fungi use spores for reproduction and dispersal but are often used for survival without reproduction in bacteria.
Sporulation in Amoeba
Amoeba reproduces by the formation of spores internally, under un-favourable conditions. It begins with the breakdown of nuclear membrane and releases chromatin that blocks into the cytoplasm. Each and every Chromatin blocks obtains a nuclear membrane and becomes a small daughter nuclei. The newly produced nuclei is surrounded by cytoplasm to form amoebulae.
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