Languages Of The World - List Of Most Spoken Languages In the World

The list of languages of the World is an important topic from the point of view of competitive examinations. Aspirants of government exams such as SSC, Bank, RRB etc. may encounter questions related to World languages or most spoken language of the world in the General Awareness section of these exams.

Candidates preparing for any competitive or government exams can check the following links for their preparation –

Static GK Daily Current Affairs Government Exam Mock Tests
SSC General Awareness Bank General Awareness Idioms & Phrases

This article will talk about the languages of the world. Candidates preparing for exams will get to know about world languages, most spoken languages of the world, 1st language of the world etc. The topic will help candidates ace the general awareness in the examination.

List of Languages in the World PDF:-Download PDF Here

Candidates preparing for the various government exams can refer to the detailed syllabus in the links given below:

Bank Exam Syllabus SSC Syllabus RRB Syllabus

Daily News

World Languages

Do you know which is the 1st language of the world that is still surviving in modern society?

1st Language of the World is Tamil – It is the earliest discovered language spoken by around 120 million people in the world. After Tamil comes in the list Sanskrit, followed by Greek, Chinese, Hebrew and Arabic. 

Languages are dynamic and the numbers are constantly in flux. There are about 6500 languages or maybe more in the world and many of which are not known to all as they are less widely spoken than other languages.

Research says, 40% of languages of the world are now endangered with less than 1,000 speakers remaining and only 23 languages make up for more than half the population of the world.

Well, do you know what are the most common languages or most spoken languages of the world? 

Here is the list of 12 most spoken languages of the world and the number of speakers for each one of them all around the world. 

List of Most Spoken Languages of the World
Languages Number Of Speakers in the World
English 1.268 billion speakers
Chinese Mandarin 1.12 billion speakers
Hindi 637 million speakers
Spanish 537 million speakers
French 276 million speakers
Arabic  274 million speakers
Bengali 265 million speakers
Russian 258 million speakers
Portuguese 252 million speakers
Indonesian 199 million speakers
Urdu 170 million speakers
German 132 million speakers

Reference – [Wikipedia]

Aspirants of government exams can check other topics relevant from exam point of view:

Unemployment In India Famous Books and Authors
Millets In India Letter Writing Format
Prepositions Rule Governors in India
List of Country, Capital & Currency Tenses Rules

Online Quiz 2022

Now that you are aware of the 1st language of the world, common languages of the world, let us move ahead to the official languages of the world.

Check the list of Official Languages of India in the given link.

The table below lists more than 190 official languages of different countries of the world. Candidates will also be able to download the languages of the world PDF at the end of this article. 

Languages of the World
Countries Official Languages
Albania Albanian
Ethiopia Amharic
Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Arabic
Sudan Arabic, English
Armenia Armenian
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Bangladesh Bengali
Vanuatu Bislama
Myanmar (Burma) Burmese
Andorra Catalan
Malawi Chichewa
China Chinese, Mandarin
Czech Republic Czech
Denmark Danish
Afghanistan Dari
Maldives Dhivehi
Belgium, Suriname Dutch
Bhutan Dzongkha
Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cameroon, Canada, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Federated States of Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Sudan, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, United Kingdom, United States of America, Zambia English
Singapore English, Malay, Chinese, Tamil
Pakistan English, Urdu
Estonia Estonian
Finland Finnish
Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Côte-d’Ivoire, Djibouti, France, Gabon, Haiti, Mali, Monaco, Niger, Senegal, Switzerland, Togo French
Netherlands Frisian
Georgia Georgian
Austria, Liechtenstein, Germany German
Greece Greek
Bolivia, Paraguay Guaraní
India Hindi, English
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
Indonesia Indonesian
Ireland Irish
Italy, Vatican City (Holy See) Italian
Japan Japanese
Kazakhstan Kazakh
Cambodia Khmer
The Democratic Republic of the Congo Kikongo
Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, English
North Korea, South Korea Korean
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz
Laos Lao
Latvia Latvian
Lithuania Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourgish
Macedonia Macedonian
Madagascar Malagasy
Malaysia, Brunei Malay
Malta Maltese
Moldova Moldovan
Mongolia Mongolia
Montenegro Montenegrin
Zimbabwe Ndebele, English, Shona
Nepal Nepali
Norway Norwegian
Palau Palauan, English
Iran, Tajikistan Persian
Poland Polish
Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese
Peru Quechua
Romania Romanian
Russia, Belarus Russian
Samoa Samoan, English
San Marino San Marino
Central African Republic Sango
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Serbia Serbian
Seychelles Seychellois Creole
Sri Lanka Sinhala, Tamil
Slovakia Slovak
Slovenia Slovene
Somalia Somali
South Africa Sotho
Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Philippines, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela Spanish
Taiwan Standard Chinese
Kenya, Tanzania Swahili
Uganda Swahili, English
Swaziland Swati, English
Sweden Swedish
East Timor (Timor-Leste) Tetum
Thailand Thai
Eritrea Tigrinya
Guinea, Papua New Guinea Tok Pisin
Botswana Tswana
Bulgaria, Cyprus, Turkey Turkish
Turkmenistan Turkmen
Ukraine Ukrainian
Uzbekistan Uzbek
Vietnam Vietnamese
Nigeria Yoruba

List of Languages in the World PDF:-Download PDF Here

Languages of the World – Sample Question For General Awareness

Before diving deep into the topic languages of the world, check out a few sample questions given below. Candidates willing to appear for various government exams might encounter such types of questions in the general awareness section.

Sample Questions on languages of the world

Q.1. Approximately how many languages are there in the world?

  1. 3000
  2. 6500
  3. 7100
  4. 5400

Answer (2) 6500

Q.2. Which is the common official language of Austria, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland? 

  1. English
  2. Swedish
  3. German
  4. French

Answer (3) German

Q.3. What is the country with the greatest number of official languages? 

  1. China
  2. USA
  3. South Africa
  4. India

Answer (4) India

Q.4. Which country has more English speakers than the United States?

  1. China
  2. UK
  3. Japan
  4. India

Answer (1) China

Q.5. How many countries do have an Official Language?

  1. 3
  2. 5
  3. 7
  4. 1

Answer (2) 5 countries do not have official languages.

Besides these MCQ type questions, the knowledge of world languages forms an important part of the descriptive section of the exam as an essay topic. Check previous year question papers with solution PDF to understand the type of questions asked in the general awareness section of government examinations.

Candidates preparing for the upcoming government exams must carefully go through the list of languages of the world to score well in the GA/GK section.

For any further questions or information regarding the competitive exams, check the following links:

SSC Exams RRB Exams
UPSC CAPF Insurance exam

Bank Exams 2022

1 Comment


    I am very glad for precision given in this article about languages of the world. Thank you.

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