We use decimals every day while dealing with money, weight, length etc. Decimal numbers are used in situations where more precision is required than the whole numbers can provide. For example, when we calculate our weight on the weighing machine, we do not always find the weight equal to a whole number on the scale. To know our exact weight, we must understand what the decimal value on the scale means. This section deals with the concept of decimals in three important fields of our daily life.

## Everyday uses of Decimals

Dealing with decimal numbers is inevitable when dealing with money. In many situations, such as when we have to convert paisa into rupee. Suppose we go to a local shop to buy 500 gm of turmeric, where, one kg of turmeric costs Rs. 51. So, how much money should we hand over to the shopkeeper? We divide Rs. 51 by 2 which is equal to 25.5. In order to hand over the exact amount, we must understand what 25.5 means in terms of rupees. Let us learn this with the help of a simple example.

Re 1 = 100 paisa

Re 0.5 = 50 paisa

Rs. 25.5 = Rs 25 and 50 paisa

### Examples

**Example 1: Converting 165 paisa to Re.**

As we know, 1 paisa =Â Re 1/100

So, 165 paisa = Re 165 Ã— (1/100) = Re 165/100 = Rs. 1.65, which is Re 1 and 65 paisa

**Example 2: Converting 450 paisa to Re.**

As we know, 1 paisa = Re 1/100

So, 450 paisa = 450 Ã— (1/100) = Rs. 450/100 = Rs. 4.50 = Rs. 4 and 50 paisa

**Example 3: Converting Rs 35 and 70 paisa to decimal.**

As we know, 1 paisa = Re 1/100

So, 70 paisa = 70 Ã— (1/100)

Rs. 35 + (70/100) = Rs. 35.70

### Use of decimal toÂ represent the length

While measuring the length of an item, it is not necessary that the length of an object is a multiple of the given graduation. For example, while measuring the length of a table with a metre scale, the length may not be a whole number, it may lie between two graduations on the metre scale. In such situations, the decimal numbers are used.

From theÂ Conversion of units, we know

1 km = 1000 m

1 m = 100 cm

1 cm = 10 mm

Now, let the length of the tabletop be 2 m and 75 cm, and then it can be represented as (2 + 75/100) m.

**Example 4: Converting 276 cm into meters.**

As we know, 100 cm = 1 m

So, 1 cm = 1/100 m

276 cm = 276 Ã— (1/100) m = 276/100 m = 2.76 m

**Example 5: Converting 5 km and 75 m into decimal.**

As we know, 1 km = 1000 m

So, 1 m = 1/1000 km

5 km + 75 m = 5 + (75 Ã— 1/1000) km = 5.075 km

**Example 6: Converting 80 cm to km**

As we know 1 km = 1000 m and 1 m = 100 cm

So 1 km = 1000 * 100 cm

1 cm = 1/100000km

80 cm = 80 Ã— (1/100000) km

80 cm = 0.00080 km

### Use of decimal to Represent the weight

We use decimal numbers while dealing with weight. For example, when we are buying a watermelon, it cannot always weigh in whole numbers, it can be less than 2 kg but more than 1 kg. In such situations, the shopkeeper has to calculate how much to charge for a watermelon, based on its weight. As we know,

1 kg = 1000 gm

1 gm = 1000 mg

Now suppose it is 1 kg and 750 gm. Then, he will charge as per the price of 1 kg + (750/1000) kg of the watermelon. We will learn more about the conversion of weight into decimal from the following examples:

**Example 7: Converting 250 gm to kg**

As we know, 1000 gm = 1 kg

So, 1 gm = 1/1000 kg

250 gm = 250 Ã— (1/1000) kg = 250/1000 kg = 0.250 kg

**Example 8: Representing 3 kg and 767 gm in decimal.**

As we know, 1 gm = 1/1000 kg

767 gm = 767/1000 kg

So, 3 kg + 767/1000 kg = 3.767 kg

To know more aboutÂ decimal representation, visit BYJU’S.

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