Symptoms Of Acidity

Acidity is also referred to as acid reflux. It is a common medical condition caused due to excessive production of acid by the gastric glands of the stomach, which flows back up into the food pipe and that features heartburn, pain or burning sensation in the lower chest area, etc. According to nutritionists, an individual who consumes more non-vegetarian foods is more prone to develop acidity and other digestive disorders than the vegetarians.

Causes of Acidity

The digestive fluid of the stomach also called the gastric juice or stomach acid are mainly composed of sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), and hydrochloric acid (HCl),  Among these acids, the hydrochloric acid is the strong acid, which plays a vital role in break down of food molecules and also destroys the invading pathogens along with the food particles.

As the food particles move down into the stomach through the food pipe or oesophagus, the gastric glands present in the stomach create the acid necessary to digest the food and to kill any invading germs. In certain conditions, the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid than usual to complete the digestion process. This results in the acidity and burning sensation just above the stomach.

The main causes of the acidity are:

  • Stress
  • Obese or Overweight
  • Lack of Physical Activities
  • Irregular and Poor Eating Habits
  • Consumption of Spicy and Oily foods
  • Smoking and use of Tobacco Products
  • Resting or lying down right after a meal
  • Eating more chocolates, spicy and  fatty foods
  • Intake of more Alcohol, Carbonated drinks, Coffee, and Tea
  • Apart from food items, medicines including Ibuprofen, Aspirin also results in acidity.

Symptoms of Acidity

Common signs and symptoms of acidity include:

  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Bad Breath
  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Restlessness
  • Regurgitation
  • Inflammation
  • Gastric Ulcers
  • Stomach Ulcers
  • Excessive Vomiting
  • Sour Taste in the Mouth
  • Difficulty in Swallowing
  • Burning Sensation in the Stomach
  • Severe Pain in the Chest or Abdomen
  • Burning Sensation in the Throat and Heart.

These were the common symptoms of acidity and they may also vary based on the diet followed by an individual. This condition can be easily cured by taking certain medicines to reduce the production of acids within the stomach. Other natural cure and precautions include following a correct eating pattern,  including protein-rich foods and avoiding carbonated beverages, certain spicy and oily fried foods.

Important Questions for you

  • What are the best treatments available for acidity?

The best treatment options available for acidity is the regular intake of safe and effective medications including esomeprazole, famotidine, Gaviscon and other antacids and indigestion drugs to prevent the overproduction of acids and provide relief from the pain and burning sensations.

  • List out the risk factors of Acidity symptoms?

Acidity is a common medical condition, which affects people of all ages and sex. According to the records, more than 60 millions of people suffer from acidity and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. The main cause is the lifestyle factor, obesity and regular use of certain drugs.

  • What are the complications of  Acidity?

If the acidity is not treated before the symptoms worsen, it may lead to several  complications  including:

  1. Cancer
  2. Gastric ulcers
  3. Severe pain in the chest or abdomen
  4. Difficulties or pain in swallowing the food
  5. Other problems related to the digestive system.
  • How to prevent Acidity?

There are few precautions which need to be followed if a patient is suffering from the acidity The precautions include:

  1. Having smaller and frequent meals.
  2. Regular walking and other physical activities.
  3. Wearing loose clothing to avoid pressure on the abdomen
  4. Reduce or avoid the consumptions of spicy and deep fried food items.
  5. Reduce the intake of food which may trigger the symptoms of acidity like citrus food, raw onions, milk, salt, chocolates, tea, coffee, alcohol, carbonated beverages, and other tobacco products.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about acidity, its symptoms and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology.

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