Adolescence has very often been associated with alcohol and drug abuse. But, before we discuss that let us first understand the meaning of adolescence. It is a period that links between the childhood and adulthood in one’s life. The age of 12 to 18 years is usually considered as the adolescent age; also known as ‘Teenage’.
The teenage period of life is considered very crucial in a person’s life as it is the time when a lot of changes occur physically as well as psychologically. Teenagers are always quite fragile mentally. They are easily motivated or demotivated. This emotional upheaval makes adolescents vulnerable to alcohol and drug use. Once they are exposed to the use of alcohol and drugs, it is highly likely for them to get addicted to them thus resulting in alcohol and drug abuse. Increasing stress and peer pressure on the adolescents today has also led to the drug and alcohol abuse.
Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Addiction is the attachment to the psychological effects of any substance. For example, consumption of drugs and alcohol gives a temporary feeling of euphoria. People get attached to this sense of euphoria and start consuming drugs and alcohol even when it is not required. Thus, the prolonged use of drugs and alcohol makes the body used to it and increases its tolerance level. As a result, a higher dose of drug or alcohol is required to get the euphoria. Thus, it keeps on adding till it leads to addiction.
Hence, it is wise to stay away from alcohol and drug addiction. But if a person is addicted to them, he/she should gradually give up on these habits as sudden discontinuation can lead to ‘withdrawal syndrome’. In such a case, the person suffers extreme anxiety, diarrhea, tightness in the chest, sweating, difficulty in breathing, shivering and becomes fidgety.
Effects of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
- Immediate physical effects might result in extreme rough behavior. However, very high dosage might lead to death in extreme cases.
- A person suffering from alcohol or drug abuse commonly becomes dull, antisocial, depressed, tired, aggressive, etc..
- Intravenous drug consumption might lead to transmission of many infectious diseases like AIDS if the same syringe is shared between multiple people.
- Alcohol usage ultimately leads to failure of vital organs like liver and kidneys.
Prevention and Control
- Counseling and education are one of the best ways of dealing with the cases of alcohol and drug abuse.
- Avoidance of peer pressure could help in bringing down these habits to a large extent.
- Help from family and friends could do a lot of damage control as people are closer to family and friends. Hence, talking to our loved ones helps in coming up with such situations.
- Medical help in situations where counseling and talking cannot help.
We have thus discussed in brief the effect of alcohol and drug abuse in adolescence. For more information, visit Byju’s.
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