Table of Contents
- Animal Tissue
- Plant Tissue
All living organisms are made up of the basic unit called the cell. Generally, living organisms fall into three categories; animals, plants, and microbes (microorganisms). According to the Cell Theory, a cell is the structural and functional unit of all these organisms. Unlike unicellular microbes, animals and plants show higher levels of organization. They have complex body structure. Cells are grouped together to form tissues in animals and plants. These tissues vary in their structure, function, and origin. Differences between animal tissue and plant tissue are discussed below.
The animal body is made of four different types of tissues.
- Epithelial Tissue
- Muscle Tissue
- Connective Tissue
- Nerve Tissue
All organs in the body are lined with a group of tissues called epithelial tissues. They cover the surface of all internal as well as external organs. There are four types of epithelial tissues: Squamous epithelium, Stratified epithelium, Cuboidal epithelium and Columnar epithelium. They are cuboidal, columnar or flat shaped cells. The main functions of these tissues involve protection, secretion, absorption, sensation etc..
This type of tissue forms three types of muscles, namely skeletal (striated and voluntary) muscle, smooth (non-striated and involuntary) muscle and cardiac (striated and involuntary) muscle. They help in movement by contraction and relaxation of muscles.
As the name suggests, they connect the different tissues, organs, and parts of the body. Different types of connective tissues are Areolar tissue, Adipose tissue (fat), Blood, Lymph, Bone, and Cartilage. They connect and support organs and also transport substances between organs.
These tissues are made up of specialized cells called nerve cells (neurons). They conduct and transmit electrochemical impulses between neurons.
Plant structure is different from the animal skeletal structure. Plant tissue is different from those OF animals. Plant tissues are basically divided into two: Meristematic tissue and Permanent tissue.
These tissues contain cells which have the dividing capacity. They are immature and help plants to divide continuously throughout life. Depending on the location, there are three types. Apical, lateral and intercalary meristems. These meristems increase the length and width of the stem, roots, and leaves.
Permanent tissues are derivatives of meristematic tissue. They don’t have the dividing capability but aid in other functions like conduction of substances, storage of food etc. Two types of permanent tissues are found in plants i.e. simple and complex permanent tissue. Simple permanent tissues include parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma while complex tissues are xylem and phloem.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Plant Tissue Vs. Animal Tissue
What are the types of plant tissues?
Plant tissues are basically classified into Meristematic tissue and Permanent tissue.
What are the types of animal tissues?
Animal body is made of four different types of tissues:Epithelial Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Connective Tissue and Nerve Tissue
What are the different types of meristematic and permanent tissues?
Apical, lateral and intercalary meristems are types of meristematic tissue. Simple and complex permanent tissues are types of permanent tissues.
Where are the epithelial tissues found?
Epithelial tissues cover the surface of all internal as well as external organs.
What are the types of muscle tissue?
The types of muscle tissues are skeletal (striated or voluntary) muscle, smooth (non-striated or involuntary) muscle and cardiac (striated and involuntary) muscle.