What is Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic condition, which alters the airways (or) bronchial tubes. The bronchial tubes function by permitting the entry and exit of air in the lungs. During this syndrome, there is an inflammation in airways causing difficulty in breathing.


Symptoms of Asthma

The symptoms could either be severe or mild but if neglected, it could be life-threatening. The most generic symptoms so-called asthma attacks are stated below.

  • Wheezing.
  • Chest Tightness.
  • Breathing Problems.
  • Coughing notably while exercising or while laughing.
  • Unable to sleep due to wheezing and chronic coughing.

Causes of Asthma

There are several factors responsible for asthma attacks and the triggers vary from person to person. The main factors include-

  • Respiratory infections caused by common cold.
  • Airborne substances like dust mites, pet dander, etc.
  • Environmental factors like pollution, smoke, dust, pollen, etc.
  • Smoking during pregnancy and after delivery are under greater risk.
  • Genetic factors including family history of asthma or allergies to dust and pollens.

Diagnosis of Asthma

It is easy to diagnose a patient with asthma. There are several tests available to detect the symptoms as asthma triggers. These tests mainly include –

  • Chest X-ray.
  • Lung functioning test.
  • Certain allergy tests are recommended to detect the exact triggers.
  • General physical examinations for the functioning of the respiratory system.
  • Spirometer test is used to test the capacity of the lungs by blowing in and out into a tube.

Types of Asthma

Asthma is a single disease which is caused by the inflammation in the airway. The symptoms, causes and its treatments varies. Listed below are few general types of

  • Allergic Asthma
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Nocturnal Asthma
  • Occupational Asthma
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma
  • Steroid-Resistant Asthma

Treatment of Asthma

Treatment for Asthma

Asthma is a long-term syndrome which has no permanent cure. This chronic condition could be controlled by avoiding things that worsen the asthma attacks.

It is better to know about the causing triggers and by taking proper precautions to avoid the asthma attacks. There are few treatments available, which depends on the severity of the symptoms. Children are treated with different types of medicine prescribed by the physicians. Long-term treatment is available to control asthma attacks and for treating inflammation of airways. Other medicines include quick-relief inhalers, nebulizer, corticosteroids and other pills to treat breathing problems, coughing and wheezing.

To know more about the concept and other chronic diseases, visit BYJU’S.

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