Difference Between Esophagus And Trachea

Trachea and esophagus are two tubular structures present in the neck region of human body. They are located close to each other but completely differ in functions. Trachea is the windpipe whereas esophagus is the foodpipe of humans.

Read on to explore the major difference between trachea and esophagus.

Esophagus vs Trachea

The important difference between esophagus and trachea are given below:

Trachea Esophagus
It is a membranous, tube-like structure that extends from larynx to bronchial tube
It is part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat and stomach
10 to 11 cm 25 cm
Made of C-shaped semicircular cartilage
Produces wave-like motion to move food
2 parts 3 parts
Also known as
Windpipe Food pipe
Parts name
Thoracic and cervical part
Abdominal, thoracic part, and cervical part
Organ system
Respiratory system Digestive system
Upper airway to lungs Mouth to stomach
Opening is protected by
By epiglottis By two sphincters


Esophagus also called as the esophagus is the hollow, fibromuscular tube-like structure that connects the throat (pharynx) with the stomach. It measures about 25 centimetres long and runs behind the trachea and heart, through the diaphragm and o the uppermost region of the stomach. The esophagus is about 8 inches long, covered by a mucous membrane. It is a part of the digestive system and also called as the food pipe


The trachea is a wide, hollow, cartilaginous and tube-like structure located in the neck. It is a part of the respiratory system that connects the larynx (voice box )and larynx to the bronchi of the lungs. The trachea is also known as the windpipe and its length ranges between 10 to 11 cm.

These were some important Difference Between Esophagus And Trachea. To learn more about other interesting biology topics, register to BYJU’S – the learning app. Keep visiting for the latest updates on ‘the difference between’ articles.

Important Questions on Esophagus And Trachea

Frequently Asked Questions

How are esophagus and trachea separated?

The epiglottis, a flap in the throat separates both the esophagus and trachea.

Where does the trachea divide?

The trachea also called the windpipe divides at the carina into two main or primary bronchi – the left and the right bronchus.

Can an individual live without the trachea?

No. An individual cannot live without the trachea. Because it is an important structure within our respiratory system and is involved in the delivering of the oxygen gas into our bloodstream.

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