Difference Between Small Intestine and Large Intestine

The muscular tube that stretches from the lower end of the stomach to the anus is called the intestine. It is also known as the bowel or bowels. Further, the intestine is divided into the small intestine and large intestine. Although both these intestines are interconnected, they can be differentiated in many ways. In this article, we shall discuss the difference between the small intestine and large intestine.

Given below are the differences between the large intestine and small intestine.

Small Intestine vs Large Intestine

Small Intestine Large Intestine
The small intestine is a part of the digestive system that runs between the stomach and large intestine The large intestine is the terminal part of the intestine that is wider and shorter than the small intestine
The small intestine is longer than the large intestine It is shorter than the small intestine
It is narrower than the large intestine It is wider than the small intestine
The three components of the small intestine are duodenum, jejunum and ileum Colon, cecum, rectum and anal canal are the components of the large intestine
It exhibits small movements in the abdominal cavity The large intestine exhibits comparatively less mobility
It is responsible for the absorption of nutrients from the digested food It takes part in the absorption of electrolytes and water. It is also concerned with the production of vitamins, especially vitamin K and biotin.
The longitudinal muscles are arranged in circular layers The longitudinal muscles are arranged in three bands known as Teniae Colie
Inner walls of the small intestine has finger-like projections called villi Large intestine does not have villi


From the above differences, we can conclude that both small intestine and large intestine play a major role in digestion. The small intestine is involved in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. The large intestine is involved in the absorption of water and in the production of vitamins. Register with BYJU’S Biology to explore more fascinating topics.

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