Vitamins are organic compounds, found in natural foods, which are required for normal growth and maintenance of the body. Both humans and animals require vitamins for their growth and development.
Vitamin B is a most essential vitamin, which is abundantly found in both plant and animal food sources, including fresh fruits, vegetables, wheat, milk, cheese, butter, dates, cereals, mushrooms, meat, fish, eggs, etc. plays a vital role in cell metabolism. They belong to water-soluble vitamins.
Based on the presence of distinct compounds, vitamin B is further classified into 8 subtypes – Vitamin – B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12, which are known as vitamin B-complex. Once upon a time, all these eight chemically distinct vitamins were thought to be one vitamin.
Explore more: Vitamins And Minerals
Interesting Facts about Vitamin B
There are more interesting facts about vitamin-B, which have been listed below:
Vitamin-B1 is also known as Thiamin. They act as a supportive system for normal functioning of our nervous system. Therefore, it is an essential part of our daily diet as the energy required is directly obtained from the food that we consume.
All eight subtypes of vitamin-b are cofactors for enzymatic reactions and provide important catalytic functionality to drive metabolic processes.
Vitamin – B2 is also known as Riboflavin. They are found in all-natural food products such as broccoli, salmon, spinach, eggs, cereals and milk, which functions by supporting the production of cellular energy.
Vitamin B-12 is required for the proper functioning of cells, tissues and other organs of a human body.
Explore more: Functions of Vitamin A, B, C, D, E
Vitamin B3, also known as niacin is one among the forms of nicotinic acid. It is mainly involved in the production of cellular energy and also supports cardiovascular health.
Each B vitamin performs a unique and separate function in the body. Different types of B vitamins can be derived from different food sources and it should be replenished daily as they cannot be stored in the body.
Vitamin B-12 is mainly responsible for increasing blood clotting factors in the blood cells, helps hormone synthesis, in the formation of bones, blood cells, muscles, nerves and genetic materials.
Also Read: Vitamin B-12 deficiency
The main food sources containing vitamin-B5 and B6 are avocados, beans, peanuts, sesame seeds, cashew nuts, brown rice, milk, lentils, broccoli, egg yolk, sunflower seeds, soya beans, etc.
The total amount of vitamin-B intake mainly depends on the age and lifestyle of a person. The maximum required amount of vitamin B varies between 2.5 mcg to 2.8m mcg.
Vitamin – B is a group of water-soluble vitamins involved in maintaining good health and various functions within the body, including the production of hormones and cholesterol, essential for a healthy brain function, development of Red blood cells and also involved in the growth and repair of body tissues.
Also Read: Difference between Vitamins and Minerals
This article concludes an introduction to Vitamin B along with their amazing facts. To know more about Vitamin B, its types, sources, functions and other related topics and important questions, keep visiting our website at BYJU’S Biology.