What are Microfilaments
If every organelle were eliminated from a cell, the plasma membrane and cytoplasm would not be the only components left. There would still be organic molecules and ions like in the cytoplasm along with a network of protein fibers that assist in maintaining the shape of the cell. These fibers acquire certain organelles in particular positions and allow vesicles and cytoplasm to move in the cell and let unicellular organisms to move freely. The network of protein fibers is called as the cytoskeleton. There exist three kinds of fibers in the cytoskeleton namely: intermediate filaments, microfilaments, and microtubules among which microfilaments are the most narrow fiber. They perform cellular movement and consist of two intertwined strands of a globular protein known as actin due to which microfilaments are also called as actin filaments.
Microfilaments provide shape and rigidity to the cell. They can disassemble and re uniform rapidly hence enable a cell to modify its shape and move. The white blood cells utilize this ability to a good extent and could reach the site of infection and submerge the pathogens.
Functions of Microfilaments
Microfilaments are the leanest filaments of the cytoskeleton present in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. The polymers of these filaments are flexible but very strong and resist buckling and crushing while offering support to the cell.
Microfilaments are versatile components and play a major role in cytokinesis and shape of a cell. The flexible arrangement of filament’s framework enables it to help in cell movement.
The filaments play a vital role in contracting molecular motors driven by the actomyosin. In such processes, the lean filaments become expanding platforms for the pulling action of myosins. It occurs mainly during pseudopod development and contraction.
Stay tuned with Byju’s to learn more about microfilaments.
Practise This Question