We all are aware of different nutrients and their importance to our body. In this article let us know in detail about the minerals, its types, sources and their functions.
What are Minerals?
Minerals are certain essential elements that the human body needs to function properly. Though mostly minerals are found in the soil, some of them could be found in the food we eat. The human body requires small amounts of a number of minerals in order to maintain itself and function optimally, which could be obtained from eating foods rich in minerals.
Types of Minerals
Our body does not require every mineral in equal amount. Some of them are utilized more than the others. Based on the requirement of the body, minerals could be classified into two categories:
Macrominerals are those minerals which are required in a fairly large amount, therefore, it is also called as the major minerals.
Macrominerals includes sodium, calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, and sulfur. These minerals are very important for the proper functioning and metabolism of the body. The deficiency of these minerals results in serious ramifications on the health.
For example, the deficiency of calcium would weaken the bones in the body and cause serious troubles in the victim’s skeletal system. The deficiency of sodium in blood cells results in hyponatremia.
- Trace minerals
Trace minerals are those minerals which are required in a small amounts, therefore, it is also called as the minor minerals. Trace minerals include iron, copper, iodine, zinc, manganese, fluoride, cobalt and selenium.
Sources of Minerals
The food which we eat include a wide variety of mineral sources. Listed below are essential minerals and their sources.
|Calcium||Almonds, carrots, milk, broccoli, canned fish, papaya, garlic, cashew.|
|Phosphorus||Mushrooms, meat, cashews, oats, fish, beans, squash, poultry, pecans, carrots, almonds.|
|Magnesium||Honey, almonds, seafood, tuna, kelp, chocolates, pineapple, pecans, artichokes, green vegetables.|
|Sodium||Table salt, cheese, milk, soy sauce, unprocessed meat|
|Sulfur||cheese, eggs, nuts, turnips, nuts, onions, fish, wheat germ, cucumbers, cauliflower, broccoli, corn.|
|Chloride||Table salt, soy sauce, unprocessed meat, milk|
|Potassium||Spinach, apples, oranges, tomatoes, papaya, bananas, lemons, celery, mushrooms, pecans, raisins, pineapple, rice, cucumbers, strawberries, figs, Brussels sprouts, legumes.|
This was an introduction to the essential minerals which are present in our daily diet. For more information about these minerals, their types, and sources, visit BYJU’S.