What is Reproductive Health?
As per the WHO -World Health Organization, reproductive health can be defined as a healthy, the total well-being and proper functioning of reproductive organs in all phases of reproduction. This includes a complete state of mental, physical, and social well-being. The discussion about reproductive health so important as it is for the requirement of a stable and healthy population.
Let us understand more in detail about the reproductive health followed by its problems and its strategies.
There are a number of programs which are directed for maintaining reproductive health. This program includes both small ads and few entertainment shows telecasted on the television for promoting safe sexual habits and awareness about various sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). All these efforts by the government and NGOs aim at achieving a reproductively healthy society. These efforts include creating awareness about the various STDs along with their causes, preventions, mode of transmission and safety measures.
Problems and Strategies
The common problems or concerns associated with the reproductive health are :
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
- Ill health of both mother and her baby.
- Early marriages before attaining the puberty.
- An increased mortality rate of both mother and Infants.
Listed below are a few strategies followed to improve Reproductive health.
- The introduction of sex education is one of the steps taken by the government which aims to create awareness among the adolescents about safe sexual practices.
- As adolescents become eligible to reproduce, it is essential to inform them about the consequences of unsafe sexual practices and early pregnancy. It is achieved by the implementation of ‘National Adolescent Education Program’ at various schools from classes 9th to 12th.
- People in the marriageable group are educated all about infertility, birth control methods, pregnancy, post-childbirth care of the baby and mother, etc. It is also essential to provide proper medical facilities to deal with obstacles like infertility and other reproductive difficulties.
- There are a few evil practices related to reproduction that still plague our society. Female infanticide is one such example. In order to prevent this crime, a legal ban has been put on Amniocentesis Test.
What is Amniocentesis Test?
The amniocentesis test is mainly used for the determination of sex of the unborn baby through analyzing the chromosomal content of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus.
All these efforts being put forward to achieve a reproductively healthy society would be worthless if we do not cooperate. Thus, with the cooperation of the society, government and other NGOs, a reproductively healthy society can be achieved.
For more additional information about reproduction and reproductive health, check the links given below.