Reproduction is the biological process of producing young ones. There are two different types of Reproduction.
Sexual Reproduction – It is a natural way of producing the young ones, where two parents are involved and fusion of male and female gametes takes place in this mode of reproduction. Humans, animals, birds, reptiles, insects, and plants are all examples of sexually reproducing organisms.
Asexual Reproduction – It is a process of producing offspring from a single parent, which does not involve any kind of gametes fusion. Amoeba, Bacteria, euglena and some species of plants reproduce through the asexual mode of reproduction.
Also, read Reproduction
What is Reproductive Health?
Reproductive health is the state of physical, mental, total well-being and proper functioning of reproductive organs in all phases of reproduction.
The main objectives of increasing awareness for reproductive health are:
- It helps in educating every youth about sexual and reproductive health.
- It creates awareness among adolescents about safe sexual practices.
- It helps in preventing sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.
- It protects both the mother and the child from infectious diseases and to deliver a healthy baby.
- It provides complete knowledge about the early pregnancy, infertility, birth control methods, pregnancy, post-childbirth care of the baby and mother, etc.
Also, read Reproductive Health and Adolescence
This was a brief introduction to reproductive health and its importance. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Reproduction, Reproductive organs, and the importance of Reproductive health and its problems.
Frequently Asked Questions on Reproductive health
What is a misuse of amniocentesis?
Amniocentesis is the chromosome-based test performed on a growing foetus. It can be used to find the sex of a baby and also diagnose disorders. It is misused to perform female foeticide.
What are pills?
Oral contraceptives are taken in the form of pills, and they are simply known as ‘the pills’. It is a type of hormonal method of birth control.
What is MTP?
Medical Termination of Pregnancy [MTP] is the intentional abortion performed to end the pregnancy. MTPs are safe if performed till 12 weeks of pregnancy.
What is a no-scalpel vasectomy?
It is a method of vasectomy procedure, where a scalpel is not used. A dissecting forceps are used to cut the vas and ligate its ends.