The Role of Atmosphere in Climate Control

Table of Contents


Air is one of the most important components of life. Life is not possible without air. It is a mixture of several gases, water vapour, and some impurities. The blanket of air surrounding the earth’s surface is called the atmosphere. It is an integral part of the earth. This thin layer of gases is inseparable from the earth due to the gravitational force.

What is the Atmosphere?

The atmosphere is a protective layer that safeguards the earth from the harsh conditions of the solar system. The air is a poor conductor of heat. During the day, it prevents a sudden increase in the temperature of the earth and prevents the heat to escape to outer space during the night. It keeps the average temperature of the earth steady. Moon has no atmosphere and the temperature ranges from 121°C during the day to -157°C at night.

Function of the Atmosphere

The atmosphere protects the earth from the radiation and cosmic rays coming from outer space. The ozone layer in the earth’s atmosphere protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet radiations. The dense layers of molecular gases absorb the cosmic rays, gamma rays, and X-rays thereby blocking most of the harmful effects. Tons of space debris strike the earth every day. It is the molecules present in the atmosphere that destroy them before they reach the ground.

The water vapour condenses and falls as rain, thereby, providing the earth with a life-sustaining resource. If there was no atmosphere, the water would have boiled away into space or would have remained frozen.

Importance of the Atmosphere

The earth’s atmosphere protects the inhabitants by absorbing harmful solar rays and maintaining a steady temperature. It wards off many dangers of space thereby making life possible on earth. It is thus an important factor of climatic control and a life-sustaining source on earth.

Also read: Movement of Air

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Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What is the composition of the Atmosphere?

Atmosphere is a mixture of gases and the amount of these gases present in it varies. It contains 78% of nitrogen, 21% of Oxygen and 1% of other gases like Argon, Carbon dioxide, Hydrogen, Helium, Ozone, Water vapour and some dust particles.

What causes the rise in atmospheric temperature?

There are various reasons that are contributing to a rise in temperature such as industrialization, excess burning of fossil fuel, deforestation, and an increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases. They all have resulted in forming an envelope so that the heat energy cannot escape the earth’s surface. This entrapping of heat has led to an increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere.
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