Area and perimeter, in Maths, are the two important properties of twodimensional figures. Perimeter defines the distance of the boundary of the shape whereas area explains the region occupied by it. Learn area of different shapes here.
Area and Perimeter is an important topic in Mathematics, which is used in everyday life. This is applicable for any shape and size whether it is regular or irregular. You must have learned about different shapes such as triangle, square, rectangle, circle, sphere, etc.
Why do We Learn the Perimeter and Area Formulas?
We know that the area is basically the space covered by these shapes and perimeter is the distance around the shape. If you want to paint the walls of your new home, you need to know the area to calculate the quantity of paint required and cost for the same.
For Example, to fence the garden at your house, the length required of the material for fencing is the perimeter of the garden. If it’s a square garden with each side as a cm then perimeter would be 4a cm. The area is the space contained in the shape or the given figure. It is calculated in square units. Suppose you want to fix tiles in your new home, you need to know the area of the floor to know the no. of tiles required to cover the whole floor. In this article, let us have a look at the formula for area and perimeter of some basic shapes with diagrams and examples.
Area
Area is the region bounded by the shape of an object. The space covered by the figure or any geometric shapes is the area of the shape. The area of all the shapes depends upon its dimensions and properties. Different shapes have different areas. The area of the square is different from the area of kite.
If two objects have a similar shape then its not necessary that area covered by them will be equal unless and until the dimensions of both the shapes are also equal. Suppose, there is two rectangle box, who has the length as L1 and L2 and breadth as B1 and B2. So the areas of both the rectangular box say, A1 and A2 will be equal only if L1=L2 and B1=B2.
Perimeter
Perimeter of a shape is defined as the total distance around the shape. Basically, its the length of any shape if it is expanded in a linear form. The perimeter of different shapes can match in length with each other depending upon their dimensions.
For example, if a circle is made of a metal wire of length L, then the same wire we can use to construct a square, whose sides are equal in length.
Area and Perimeter Formulas For all Shapes
There are many types of Shapes. The most common ones are Square, Triangle, Rectangle, Circle etc. To know the area and perimeter of all these, we need different formulas.
Perimeter and Area of a Rectangle
A rectangle is a figure/shape with opposite sides equal and all angles equal to 90 degrees. The area of the rectangle is the space covered by it in an XY plane.

where a and b are the length and width of the rectangle.
Perimeter and Area of a Square
A Square is a figure/shape with all four sides equal and all angles equal to 90 degrees. The area of the square is the space occupied by the square in a 2D plane and its perimeter is the distance covered on the outer line.

where a is the length of the side of the square.
Learn more about the perimeter of the square, here.
Perimeter and Area of Triangle
The triangle has three sides. Therefore, the perimeter of any given triangle, whether it is scalene, isosceles or equilateral, will be equal to the sum of the length of all three sides. And the area of any triangle is the space occupied by it in a plane.

Area and Circumference of Circle
Area of a circle is the region occupied by it in a plane.
In case of a circle, the distance of the outer line of the circle is called the circumference.

Also, read:
Area Of A Triangle  Perimeter Of Polygons 
Area Of Shapes  Area Of Square 
Perimeter Of Shapes  Perimeter Of Triangle 
Area and Perimeter Chart
Here is the list of all the area and perimeter for different figures in a tabular form. Students can use this table to solve problems based on the formulas given here.
Shape  Area  Perimeter  Terms 
Circle  A = π × r^{2}  Circumference = 2πr  r = radius of the circle 
Triangle  A = ½ × b × h  S = a+b+c  b = base
h = height a,b and c are the sides of the triangle 
Square  A = a^{2}  P = 4a  a = length of side 
Rectangle  A = l × w  P = 2(l + w)  l = length
w = width 
Parallelogram  A = b × h  P = 2(b + h)  b=base
h=vertical height 
Area and Perimeter for Grade 4
In class 4, we will come across, the area and perimeter formulas for square and rectangle shapes. Here, the sides of rectangle are measure in inches or feet or yard. Let us see an example.
Example: Find the area of a rectangle with length and width equal to 7ft and 5ft, respectively.
Solution: Given,
Length = 7ft & Width = 5ft
Area of rectangle = Length x Width
= 7ft x 5ft
= 35 ft2
Area and Perimeter Examples
Here are some solved examples based on the formulas of the area as well as perimeter of different shapes.
Example 1:
If the radius of a circle is 21cm. Find its area and circumference.
Solution:
Given, radius = 21cm
Therefore, Area = π × r^{2}
A = 22/7 × 21 × 21
A = 1386 sq.cm.
Circumference, C = 2πr
C = 2 x 22/7 x 21 = 132 cm
Example 2:
If the length of the side of a square is 11cm. Then find its area and also find the total length of its boundary.
Solution:
Given, length of the side, a = 11 cm
Area = a^{2 }= 11^{2 }= 121 sq.cm
Total length of its boundary, Perimeter = 4a = 4 x 11 = 44 sq.cm.
Example 3:
The length of rectangular field is 12m and width is 10m. Find the area of the field along with its perimeter.
Solution:
Given, Length = 12m
Width = 10m
Therefore, Area = length x width = 12 x 10 = 120 sq.m.
Perimeter = 2 (length + width) = 2 x (12 + 10) = 2 x 22 = 44 m.
Practice Problems
Solve the questions here based on area and perimeter of different shapes.
 If a square has area 625 sq.m., then find its perimeter.
 The length and width of a rectangle are 11.5 cm and 8.8 cm respectively. Find its area and perimeter.
 If the height of a triangle is 19cm and its base length is 12cm. Find the area.
 The perimeter of an equilateral triangle is 21cm. Find its area.
 A parallelogram has base length of 16cm and the distance between the base and its opposite side is 7.5cm. Find its area.
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Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
What is the difference between area and perimeter?
The unit of area is given by square unit or unit2 and unit of perimeter is same as the unit.
What is the formula for perimeter?
Perimeter = Sum of all sides
What is the area and perimeter of a circle?
Area of circle is πr2
Perimeter or circumference of circle is 2πr.
What is the perimeter and area example?
Area of square = side2 = 22 = 4cm2
Perimeter of square = sume of all sides = 2+2+2+2 = 8
What is the formula for area of rectangle?
Area = Length x Breadth