In Maths, the quotient is the number which is generated when we perform division operation on two numbers. Basically, it is the result of the division method. There are four main terminologies used in the arithmetic division such as divisor, dividend, quotient and remainder. Each term will be explained here in this article with meaning and examples. We can represent the division operation in the form of;
|Dividend ÷ Divisor = Quotient and Remainder|
When a dividend is divided by divisor, we get the result. So, basically, the division is the inverse process of multiplication, such that when we multiply the quotient and divisor, we will get the dividend. Thus we can also define divisor, dividend and remainder here.
- Dividend: The number which is required to be divided
- Divisor: The number which divides the given dividend
- Remainder: The number which is left after the division method. When a number is completely divided then the remainder is zero, but when a number is partially divided, the remainder is not equal to zero.
In the division method, a number is divided by another number to get a different number as an output. Here, the number/integer which is getting divided is known as a dividend and the integer which divides a given number is the divisor. The divisor which does not divide a number entirely gives a number, which is said to be the remainder. The division symbol is denoted by ‘÷’ or ‘/’. So, we can represent the division method as;
|Dividend = Quotient × Divisor + Remainder|
If the remainder is equal to 0, then;
|Dividend = Quotient × Divisor|
|Quotient = Dividend ÷ Divisor|
The quotient has extensive use throughout Maths and is usually referred to as a fraction or a ratio. Let us see it’s representation to understand it better.
In the above representation, we can see the numerator is the dividend and the denominator is the divisor. When the numerator is divided by the denominator, the result is the quotient. Now let us see the representation in terms of the long division method.
In the above representation, we can see 25 is the dividend, 4 is the divisor, 5 is the quotient and 5, which is left after division is the remainder.
Q.1: Divide 24 by 4.
Solution: 24 ÷ 4 = 6
Hence, 6 is the answer.
Q.2: Find the quotient for 105÷5.
Solution: 105÷5 = 21
Hence, 21 is the quotient
Q.3: Divide 60.5÷5.
Solution: 60.5÷5 = 60.5/5 = 12.1
Hence, 12.1 is the answer.
Q.4: Solve 108/12.
Solution: 108/12 = 9
Hence, the quotient is 9.
Q.5: Write the quotient and remainder for the following:
- Divide 177 by 3.
- Divide 800/4.
- Find the value of 45/12.
- Find 63÷9.