Acoustic neuroma is a kind of rare growth of the tumor that occurs in the human brain. It grows but, not affects the other parts of the body. The tumor develops on a nerve in the brain and likely to create problems in hearing and ringing (tinnitus). In most cases, the cause is said to be not known.
Acoustic neuroma diseases are known as not to be life-threatening. The treatment could be done mostly with the surgery and radiotherapy also proves to be effective.
What is acoustic neuroma?
Acoustic neuroma is kind of a brain tumor. It is also called as benign tumor since it is not cancerous. The nerve along which the tumor develops inside the brain is known as acoustic nerve as it controls hearing sense.
Acoustic neuromas grow as a kind of cell known as Schwann cell and these cells surround nerve cells. It tends to grow slowly and sometimes it is too small and does not cause any symptom, but the bigger form of acoustic neuromas are capable of interfering with the vestibulocochlear nerve.
Acoustic neuroma symptoms
Symptoms develop gradually like a tumor starts growing slowly. They could be very common. You should visit your doctor immediately if you get any of them and some could be either due to the conditions other than the brain tumor since acoustic neuromas are very rare.
The common symptoms are as follows:
- The disease has the medical term which means ringing in ears. It might not have to resemble the bell ringing; the sounds could vary. Tinnitus is not a disease and very common symptoms.
- Hearing loss- Hearing loss is one of the gradual factors that mainly affects one of the ears. The kind of deafness that is caused is called as the sensorineural deafness as it means that the nerve for the purpose of the hearing is damaged.
Acoustic neuromas Causes
The major cause of acoustic neuromas is not yet known. Estimations say that about 7 out of 100 cases are caused by neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). NF2 is a rare genetic disorder and causes benign tumors in the nervous system.
Acoustic neuroma treatment
The doctors might monitor you closely if you have a tiny acoustic neuroma because it grows very slow and may not have any symptoms. Note that treatments can have side-effects and complications. Therefore, the benefits and risks of having a treatment are balanced.
The major treatments include stereotactic radiosurgery and surgery and your treatment will be based on:
- Tumour- the position and size of your acoustic neuroma also have an influence on the kind of treatment.
- Your suitability for radiotherapy or surgery- Factors like health and age determines how fit you are for a particular treatment.
- The results of MRI scans and other tests determine what kind of description would suit your tumor.
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