Angina Pectoris

Angina Pectoris

What Is Angina Pectoris?

Angina Pectoris is a sort of chest disorder that results from insufficient or reduced blood flow to the heart. Due to the insufficient blood flow to the heart results in the insufficient supply of oxygen. The pain is mostly triggered by emotional stress or other physical activity. Angina Pectoris is also known as stable angina as this is the most common kind of angina. Stable angina has a predictable pattern of chest pain.

When does Angina Pectoris occur?

This discomfort mostly appears when the heart muscle requires more blood than it is receiving, for instance, at the time of strong emotions or physical activity. Too much-narrowed arteries might let enough blood to reach the heart when the demand for oxygen is low, but the heart requires more oxygen during physical exertion like exercise.

 Signs and Symptoms of Angina Pectoris

The pain or inconvenience in the chest :

  • Occurs when the heart needs to work harder, mostly during physical exertion.
  • A series of pain tend to activate and does not come by surprise.
  • Normally lasts for a shorter period of time.
  • Usually feels like chest pain that spreads to shoulders, arms, and back.
  • Could also lead to gas or indigestion.

How is Angina Pectoris Diagnosed?

Doctors normally ask about the patient’s medical history and perform tests to diagnose Angina pectoris and the tests involve:

Angiography – A kind of X-ray in which both the blood vessels and blood flow to the heart can be examined.

Electrocardiogram – This evaluates heart rhythm and measures the electrical activity of the heart.

These tests could identify if any arteries are blocked and whether the heart is functioning appropriately.

Angina Pectoris Treatment

Treatment of angina pectoris involves changes in lifestyle, surgery, and medication. One could normally predict this discomfort when there is the pain in chest and by reducing physical exertion helps to control the chest pain. Some lifestyle adjustments may involve regular exercise and follow a healthy diet of vegetables and whole grains. These habits could reduce the risk of chronic diseases like high cholesterol, hypertension, and diabetes. Apart from these, the intake of alcohol, drugs and the use of tobacco should be stopped.

To know more about types of Angina Pectoris, download Byju’s-The Learning App.

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