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Indigestion Definition

“Indigestion refers to pain and discomfort in the stomach associated with difficulty in digesting food.”


What is Indigestion?

Indigestion is also known as dyspepsia. It is the term used to describe discomfort in the stomach. Burning or pain in the upper part of the stomach or an uncomfortable sensation in the belly is the result of indigestion. Indigestion is not a disease. It can, however, be a symptom of other digestive diseases.

Indigestion Causes

General causes of indigestion are stated below:

  • Smoking.
  • Musty foods.
  • Excess of alcohol.
  • Intake of large quantities of beverages.
  • Too much mental stress and depression.
  • Performing more physical tasks soon after the meal.
  • Eating while you’re not hungry, continuous consumption of food also leads to indigestion.
  • Side effects that are caused due to certain medications like painkillers, aspirin, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, steroid medicines etc.

Also Read: Digestive Disorders

Indigestion Symptoms

It can happen to every being. Some of the symptoms include:

  • It might trigger stomach ache.
  • Vomiting.
  • A burning sensation could be felt deep in the chest.
  • A burning sensation in the stomach.
  • You might have also experienced a chomping sensation in the stomach.
  • A problem with swallowing.
  • Weight loss.
  • Formation of gas.
  • Vile breath.
  • Burning sensation in the throat.
  • Belching.

Indigestion Diseases

  • Stomach ulcer- It is a sore found in the stomach.
  • Pancreas and liver diseases could also be considered as a cause.
  • Chronic Gastric- It appears when the stomach lining is completely inflamed.
  • Acute Gastric- It occurs due to an abrupt inflammation in the lining of the stomach.
  • Peptic ulcer- It is a sore that appears in the lining of the intestine, oesophagus, and stomach. It is caused usually due to certain health issues.
  • Gallstones- It is a kind of hard deposit found in the gallbladder eventually blocking the bile ducts which in turn causes gastric issues.
  • It might have been caused by gastric cancer, food allergy and inflammatory bowel disease in rare cases. Specifically, it might also come from GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).

Indigestion Treatment

  • Eat less spicy food.
  • Chew food properly.
  • Quit / Avoid smoking.
  • Avoid the intake of alcohol.
  • Drink sufficient water (Before meal instead of after).
  • Food with an excessive amount of acid should be avoided.
  • Don’t sleep soon after the meal. A gap of 3 to 4 hours would do.

Also Read: Acidity Symptoms

To know more about indigestion, its definition, causes, symptoms and treatment, keep visiting BYJU’S website or download BYJU’S app for further reference.

Frequently Asked Questions on Indigestion


What is acid reflux?

It is the condition in which the digestive acids from the stomach irritate the lining of the oesophagus. It causes a burning sensation in the chest.


What is irritable bowel syndrome?

It is a disorder of the intestine which shows symptoms like nausea, abdominal cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.


What is gut microflora?

A group of microorganisms including bacteria and archaea present inside the intestine constitute the gut microflora. They are involved in the digestion of food and synthesis of certain vitamins.

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