There are many infectious diseases, which are caused by certain microorganisms called pathogens that lead to infections. These type of infectious diseases, can spread from one person to another and are termed as the communicable disease. Chickenpox is one among the infectious diseases.
Read more: Communicable Non Communicable Diseases
What is Chicken Pox?
Chickenpox is also known as varicella. It is a communicable, infectious, viral disease characterized by itchy red blisters that appear all over the body. This dreadful disease was introduced in the mid-1990 and more often affects children.
It is a highly contagious infectious disease, mainly caused by the varicella zoster virus, which spreads in a similar way to cold and other flu. The incubation period is 10 to 21 days.
Also Read: Smallpox
Symptoms of Chickenpox
Chickenpox often starts without the classic rash, with a fever (101°–102°F), headache, sore throat, and stomach-ache. These symptoms may last for a few days.
- Itchy Skin.
- Muscle Aches.
- Mouth soreness.
- Loss of Appetite.
- Fluid-Filled Blisters.
- Difficulties in breathing.
- Painful and reddish Blisters.
- Hemorrhagic complications.
These were a list of common chickenpox symptoms. This viral infection can be easily prevented by vaccinating the newborn kids with the chickenpox vaccine. This vaccination is a 99% effective treatment that prevents infectious diseases in infants by strengthening their immune system.
There are a few people, who are at a greater risk for complications from chickenpox, and they include pregnant women, a baby born to mothers who had chickenpox, patients with leukaemia, and anyone with immune system problems.
Also Read: Vaccination
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about chickenpox along with its symptoms and treatments.