Difference between Estrogen and Progesterone

A woman’s life cycle can be described by the fluctuations of the hormones: estrogen and progesterone. When these two hormones are in balance, a woman’s life is wonderful but when they are out of balance, problems follow. Estrogen is the hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle while progesterone is the hormone that supports the pregnancy. During pregnancy, these two work together and are responsible for the changes that take place during pregnancy.

Also Read: Sex Hormones

Let us look at the difference between estrogen and progesterone given in a tabular column below.

Estrogen vs Progesterone

Estrogen Progesterone
Estrogen is a female hormone secreted by ovaries prior to ovulation. Progesterone is a female hormone that is secreted by ovaries after ovulation
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) largely controls the secretion of estrogen Luteinizing hormone (LH) largely controls the secretion of progesterone
During pregnancy, it induces enlargement of breasts and uterus During pregnancy, it reduces contractility of the uterus and stimulates the growth of mammary glands. It also induces the growth of decidual cells.
Growing Grafian follicle produces estrogen Corpus luteum produces progesterone
Estrogen in men in large quantities create unbalance Progesterone work together with testerone and has a lot of benefits

While comparing estrogen and progesterone, we notice that the two have similarities in their functions. A proper combination of estrogen and progesterone is necessary for a healthy menstrual cycle and pregnancy.

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