Difference Between Locomotion and Movement

Locomotion and movement are two important terms in the study of motion. The movement of an organism from one place to another is known as locomotion. A few examples of locomotion are walking, running, swimming, etc. However, humans have invented many other types of locomotion through technological advancements in transportation like cars, aircraft, etc. Movement, on the other hand, refers to any type of motion. Movement can be both voluntary and involuntary. For example, hammering a nail is a voluntary movement, while breathing is an involuntary movement.

Difference Between Locomotion and Movement

While both locomotion and movement sound similar in their meaning, there are a few interesting differences between the two. Let us better understand these concepts by understanding the difference between locomotion and movement from the table given below



Moving away from the original position of an organism is locomotion.

Movement can happen with or without moving away from an organism’s original position.

It is always voluntary.

It can either be voluntary or involuntary.

Locomotion takes place at the organism level.

A movement takes place at the biological level.

Locomotion doesn’t necessarily require energy when a free-floating organism is considered.

Movement requires energy.

Plants don’t possess the ability to move from one place to another but various types of movement take place within plants, including phototropism, hydrotropism, geotropism, thigmotropism, etc. It is important to know the differences between the two as we often tend to use these terms interchangeably, thinking both mean the same.

For more information related to locomotion and movement in organisms, visit BYJU’S.

Practise This Question

Which of these animals are more closely related to each other than the others ?

Animal A - 35 STRs

Animal B - 70 STRs

Animal C - 45 STRs

Animal D - 90 STRs