Difference Between Monohybrid And Dihybrid

Two types of breeding methods are used to know the working of gene and analyze how certain traits are inherited from grandparents and parents. They are monohybrid and dihybrid. A monohybrid cross is defined as the cross happening in the F1 generation offspring of parents differing in one trait only. A dihybrid cross is a cross happens F1 generation offspring of differing in two traits. Below are the differences between monohybrid and dihybrid based on the genotype, phenotype, cross test ratio, etc.

Difference Between Monohybrid And Dihybrid

Properties Monohybrid Dihybrid
Means Mono refers to single and hybrid means mixed breed Di refers to two or double and hybrid means breed
Cross Monohybrid cross is used to study the inheritance of a single pair of alleles Dihybrid cross is used to study the inheritance of 2 different alleles
Used to study the dominance of genes Offspring assortment
Genotype ratio 1:2:1 1:2:1:2:4:2:1:2:1
Phenotype ratio 3:1 9:3:3:1
Ratio cross test -1:1 -1:1:1:1

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