Difference Between Tracheids And Vessels

Food, nutrients, water, minerals are transported from roots to leaves by two types of vascular tissues viz Xylem and Phloem. Xylem tissue transports water and minerals from roots to other parts of the plants, with the help of tracheids and vessels. These Xylem tissues are also known as tracheary elements. Cells of tracheids and vessels die at maturity, they have lignified walls, and they are present in primary as well as secondary Xylem. Below are some striking differences between tracheids and vessels.

Difference Between Tracheids And Vessels

Characteristics Tracheids Vessels
Present All vascular plants Angiosperms
Type of cells Imperforated Perforated
Cell wall Thin Thick
Connection Lateral End to end
Cross section Polygonal Circular
Water conduction Inefficient Very efficient
Lumen Narrow Wide
Cell length 1 mm 10 cm
Surface to volume ratio High Low
End walls Tapering Transverse or diagonal
Pits Less large pits Large small pits

Hope you are now clear with the Difference Between Tracheids And Vessels. For a better understanding of the process of Transportation in Plants and Trees, register to BYJU’S – the learning App

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