Every living thing on earth evolves the biological process, from the nucleus to tissues and glands processing every single element. Plans have two different types of tissues which are mainly involved in transporting the minerals, water, and food from the roots to the leaves.
Xylem and Phloem are vascular tissues used in the transportation process. These tissues are from vascular bundles and work together as a unit. The xylem and phloem tissues work efficiently. The movement of xylem is unidirectional, which means from roots to upper parts of the plan. While, the movement of phloem is bidirectional, which is the inverse of the xylem.
Xylem is one of the important tissues of the vascular system of plants. The main activity of this tissue is to transport minerals and water from roots and carry them to other parts of the plants. It has two separate chambers tracheids and vessels for transporting minerals and water.
Phloem is also important as the xylem tissues for vascular system of plants. The main activity of this tissue is to transport nutrients and food from leaves to other growing parts of plants.
Xylem vs. Phloem Comparison Chart
|It transports minerals and water from roots to upper parts of the plant.||It transports nutrients and food like amino acids, sugars from leaves to growing parts of the plant.|
|Its movement is Unidirectional||Its movement is Bidirectional|
|It is present in leaves, stems, and roots.||It is also present in leaves, roots, stems but transports and grow in fruits seeds and roots.|
|They are tubular shaped structures, with the absence of cross walls. This tissue resembles the shape of a star.||They are elongated, tubular shaped structures that include thin sieve tubes with walls.|
|It contains xylem sclerenchyma, xylem parenchyma, tracheids and vessel elements.||It contains companion cells,phloem parenchyma,sieve tubes, bast fibers and intermediary cells.|
|The nature of the tissues is hollow dead cells.||The nature of these tissues are living with cytoplasm but without the nucleus.|
|These tissues are present in the center of the vascular bundle.||These tissues are present outside of the vascular bundle.|
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