Transpiration is defined as the process of water loss in the form of vapour from the aerial parts of plants. It is not a type of secretion and occurs in high temperatures through all the parts of the leaf. It is favoured by dry conditions and can be influenced by many factors such as environment humidity, wind flow, nature of stomata, etc.
Guttation is a type of secretion which occurs in low-temperature conditions only through the margin of the leaves. Both these process cause permanent loss of water from the plants.
Below are major differences between transpiration and guttation for better understanding.
Difference Between Transpiration And Guttation
Following are the important difference between transpiration and guttation:
|Transpiration occurs through the stomata and lenticels.||Guttation occurs through hydathodes.|
|Water is lost as water vapour.||Water is lost as liquid water.|
|It occurs during the day.||It occurs during early morning or at night.|
|It occurs when the temperature is high.||It occurs in low temperatures.|
|It is favoured by dry conditions.||It is inhibited by dry conditions.|
|Excessive transpiration results in wilting.||Guttation never results in wilting.|
|Water lost in transpiration is by simple diffusion.||Water lost in guttation is not diffusion.|
|Transpiration can be regulated by the opening and closing of stomata.||Guttation cannot be regulated because there is no opening and closing mechanism of hydathodes.|
|The rate of transpiration is reduced during humid days.||Humidity enhances the rate of guttation.|
|Root pressure is not involved in this process.||Root pressure plays a vital role in this process.|
|Only pure water is evaporated.||Eliminates sugars, salts and amino acids.|
|Occurs in terrestrial and herbaceous plants.||Occurs only in herbaceous plants.|
These were a few difference between transpiration and guttation. For a better understanding of the process of transpiration and guttation, register at BYJU’S – the learning App