All crops do not grow in the same season. Different crops have specific requirements and suitable climatic conditions. Based on the climatic conditions, crops in India are broadly classified into two categories:
- Kharif crops
- Rabi crops
The Kharif cropping season starts with the onset of monsoon and ends when the rainy season is over. The rabi crops are sown at the end of monsoon and harvested before the advent of the summer season. These crops require good rainfall. The output of these crops depend upon the time and amount of rainwater. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few kharif crops grown in India.
Also Read: Agricultural Practices
Rabi crops are known as winter crops. They are grown in the month of October or November. The crops are then harvested in spring. These crops require frequent irrigation because these are grown in dry areas. Wheat, gram, barley, potato are some of the rabi crops grown in India.
However, it is of utmost importance for all to know the difference between Rabi and Kharif crops, as the prices of grains and vegetables depend on the yield of these two. Let us have a look at a few difference between Rabi and Kharif crop below in a tabular column.
Difference Between Rabi and Kharif Crops
Following are the important difference between rabi and kharif crops:
|Kharif Crop||Rabi Crop|
|Sown when the rainy season begins, i.e. between April and May.||Sown when the winter season ends, i.e. between September and October.|
|Also known as monsoon crops.||Also known as winter crops.|
|Affected by rainfall pattern.||Not affected by rainfall pattern.|
|Requires hot weather and a large amount of water to grow.||Requires warm climate for seed germination and cold climate to grow.|
|The harvesting month is between September-October.||The harvesting month is between March-April.|
|Maize, rice, cotton, groundnut are Kharif crops.||Peas, wheat, gram and barley are rabi crops.|
These were a few differences between Kharif and Rabi crops. Kharif and Rabi crops are mostly used to indicate the right time to sow and raise a particular crop.
Also Read: Crop production
For more information of rabi and Kharif crops, keep visiting BYJU’S website or download BYJU’S app for further reference.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are rabi crops?
Rabi crops are also known as winter crops. These are the crops that are sown at the beginning of the winter season, in the month of October or November.
What are Kharif crops?
Kharif crops are those that are sown in the monsoon season and are also known as monsoon crops. They are grown in the month of June to October.
Give a few examples of rabi and kharif crops.
Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed.
Kharif crops- rice, maize, millet, ragi, pulses, soybean, groundnut.
What are the different types of crops?
The different types of crops include:
- Kharif crops
- Rabi crops
- Zaid crops
- Food crops
- Cash crops
What is the major difference between rabi and kharif crops?
The major difference is that the rabi crops are grown in the winter season whereas the kharif crops are grown in the monsoon season.