What is Clothing?
Clothes or clothing are the collective terms used to describe the different types of materials worn on the body specifically human characteristics to protect our body from cold, rain and other weather conditions. Early humans, who lived 2 million years ago were used to cover and protect their body by wrapping tree leaves, woven grass or tree bark, bones, skull and the skin of dead animals, etc.
According to the Anthropologists, there is no information about when we humans started using clothes. But some records say that humans started wearing clothes about 1 million years ago. Neanderthals, subspecies of archaic humans and distinct genus Homo. They are an extinct species who lived in the countries of Eurasia from circa 400,000 until 40,000 years ago and were the first human to wear clothes. The idea of sewing clothes was generally originating from these Neanderthals, as they used to sew animals skin.
A Clothing History
As time passed, the clothing changed. According to history, clothes changes along with the culture, fashion and wealth. Extraction of fabrics, waving Textiles were first stared in the Middle East during the late Stone Age. Wearing fabric clothes were sated from 100,000 to 500,000 years ago. Knitting was first introduced fabric creation technique dating 6500 BC which is even popular in today’s fabrics.
The first material used for clothing is the natural fibres obtained from both plants and animal sources. These include cotton, flax, wool, Leather, silk, etc.
The first plant fibres used for extracting fibres are from the flax seeds. Flax fibres are 36,000 years old. China was the first country to start with the silk production, which was between 5000 and 3000 BC where silk was extracted from the cocoon of the domesticated silkworm and weaved.
The Evolution of clothing and textiles from animal’s skin, plant’s materials are wide and colorful. Along with the different cultures, different varieties of clothes approached. Different types of fibres have their own history.
Cotton was cultivated in Pakistan about 3,000 BC. The wool was being woven about 4,000 BC in Egypt. Nylon, an artificial fibre was invented in the year 1935, which was used as a replacement for silk.
Also read, FIBRE
This was a brief introduction to the history of clothing materials. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the fibre, yarn, fabrics, and their types.