Hyperthyroidism is a hormonal disorder caused by the overactive thyroid gland.
Overview Of Hyperthyroidism
Thyroid gland is a large, ductless, butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the anterior of the neck. This gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate heartbeat, temperature, and the body’s metabolism.
Hyperthyroidism is a hormonal disorder, a condition where the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormones, namely T3, T4. Around 1.2 percent of people in the United States have an overactive thyroid gland and women’s are at higher risk compared to men .
Also Read: Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is caused by a over production of a hormone by the thyroid gland. There are variety of factors behind the causes, but it is most commonly caused by an auto-immune disorder called Graves’ Disease. Hyperthyroidism symptoms mimic the symptoms of other diseases, hence it can be rather hard to effectively diagnose the disease.
Also Refer:Endocrine gland
The common characteristic symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Difficulty sleeping.
- Increase in appetite.
- Tachycardia (Rapid heartbeat)
- Tremor in the fingers and hands.
- Arrhythmia (Irregular heartbeat)
- Enlarged thyroid, in the form of a swelling in the neck.
- Heart Palpitation (The feeling of the heart skipping/adding a beat)
Also Read: Thyroid Cancer
These are some of the hyperthyroidism symptoms which are characteristic of the disease. Usually, treatments include radioactive iodine, medications in the form of anti thyroid agents, or surgery as a last resort. There is no complete cure for the hormonal disorder, but there are many medications available to control the synthesis of hormones by the respective endocrine glands.
Also Read: Endocrine Glands And Hormones
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the different endocrine glands along with the hormone, hormonal disorders, symptoms, available treatments and other related topics.