Overview Of Hyperthyroidism
Thyroid gland is a large, ductless, butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the anterior of the neck. This gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate heartbeat, temperature, and the body’s metabolism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormones, namely T3, T4.
Hyperthyroidism is caused by a variety of factors, but it is most commonly caused by an auto-immune disorder called Graves’ Disease. Hyperthyroidism symptoms mimic the symptoms of other diseases, hence it can be rather hard to effectively diagnose the disease. The common characteristic symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Tachycardia (Rapid heartbeat)
- Arrhythmia (Irregular heartbeat)
- Heart Palpitation (The feeling of the heart skipping/adding a beat)
- Increase in appetite
- Tremor in the fingers and hands
- Difficulty sleeping
- Enlarged thyroid, in the form of a swelling in the neck
These are some of the hyperthyroidism symptoms which are characteristic of the disease. Usually, treatments include radioactive iodine, medications in the form of Antithyroid agents, or surgery as a last resort.