Hormones and Hormonal Disorders

The endocrine system secretes chemicals into blood called hormones. Any imbalance in the hormones leads to several diseases and disorders. Hence, hormones are secreted as per the requirement of our body. Hormone secretion takes place in animals as well as in plants and each hormone plays a specific role.

A slight imbalance in the hormones results in certain disorders. Let us have a look at a few hormonal disorders and the endocrine glands associated with it.

Also Read: Endocrine glands and Hormones

endocrine glands

Hormonal Disorders

Hormones are very particular in their actions. They act only on their specific target site. Too much or too little of a certain hormone results in diseases. This hormonal fluctuation is known as hormonal imbalance or hormonal disorders.

Below mentioned are a few hormonal disorders that result due to the hypersecretion or hyposecretion of certain hormones.

Types of Hormonal Disorders


  • Addison’s disease
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Adrenocortical hyperplasia
  • Pheochromocytoma


  • Renal calculi
  • Tetany
  • Osteoporosis


  • Hypoglycemia
  • Diabetes Mellitus


  • Acromegaly
  • Gigantism
  • Diabetes Insipidus


  • Congenital hypothyroidism
  • Goitre
  • Myxedema
  • Thyrotoxicosis

Also Read: Hormones in Animals

Causes of Hormonal Disorders

The feedback mechanism of endocrine system helps in balancing the hormones in the bloodstream. If our body is deficient or has an excess of a certain hormone, the feedback mechanism signals the respective gland to rectify the problem. If the feedback system fails to maintain a proper balance of hormones in the bloodstream, it results in hormonal disorders.

Symptoms of Hormonal Disorders

Following are the major symptoms of hormonal disorders:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Puffy face
  • Frequent urination
  • Depression
  • Infertility
  • Increased thirst

Also Read: Mechanism of Hormone Action

To know more about the hormonal disorders, its types, causes and symptoms, keep visiting BYJU’S website.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *