Assisted reproductive technology is the effective technology that is used to own pregnancy via processes like surrogacy, in-vitro fertilization, and fertility medication. It is the reproductive technology that is used especially in infertility treatments. ART belongs mainly to the field of infertility and reproductive endocrinology along with cryopreservation and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A few forms of ART are also utilized by fertile couples for genetic issues.
Most of the couples opt for ART as they are incongruous to certain communicable diseases and to minimize the risk of infection during pregnancy parturition and lactation.
Infertility is not easy and can be too difficult to deal with. Fortunately, we live in a time where different kinds of fertility treatments are available. This page illustrates various kinds of Assisted Reproductive Technologies to resolve infertility complications in women.
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization is the most common form of ART that is used by maximum patients than for any other ARTs today. IVF is the one where a woman’s eggs are combined with man’s sperm in a laboratory. This sperm is placed inside the woman’s uterus soon after the embryos are fertilized.
GIFT – Gamete IntraFallopian Transfer
Gamete Intrafallopian transfer was one of the common forms of ART but not today. The GIFT, ovum collected from the donor is transferred to the fallopian tube of the recipient along with the sperm. Fertilization occurs inside a woman’s body in GIFT treatments and not in a lab. This ART is a better option for the couples who opt for a natural treatment which enables the fertilization and implantation to occur naturally inside the woman’s body.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination is the placement of a man’s sperm in the woman’s uterus by a long narrow tube. IUI can be performed in combination with medications which stimulate ovulation and this combination is capable of increasing the chances of pregnancy in some cases.
IUIs achievement is based on the causes of the couple’s infertility. If inseminations are done monthly with frozen or fresh sperm, the rates of success can be more than 20% per cycle based on the fertility medications, woman’s age, infertility diagnosis along with other factors that affect the achievement of the cycle.
Surrogacy is the process wherein another woman holds a baby that is formed by either donor egg and sperm or egg and sperm. In other words, the surrogate is the carrier of the baby during pregnancy.
Donor eggs are ART operated when the woman’s eggs cannot be seen. An egg of donors woman is made to fertilize with the man’s sperm and the fertilized and incubated embryo is placed into the uterus. If a man’s sperm also cannot be seen, the same process can be implemented using donor sperm.
To learn more about Infertility and its causes, visit BYJU’S