Typhoid is an infectious and bacterial disease that mainly spreads through the contaminated water and food and also due to the poor hygienic conditions. This disease causes an illness and acute fever in the body and is caused by the bacteria naming Salmonella typhi. This bacterium is the main cause of food poison that happens in various ways.The first case of typhoid fever was sited in the United states in the early 1900’s. Overall about twenty one million number of people are encountered with this disease annually wherein on the other side about 200,000 die because of this disease.
Causes of Typhoid
Salmonella typhi also called as Salmonella enterica serotype typhi is the bacteria which is the main cause of this disease. It is also called as gram negative bacteria, as it has thin cell wall and an outer membrane. The cells are of reddish in color with a gram stain. It is in the form of a rod shape and lives or grows in the small intestine of human body. Human beings are only the main hosts for this kind of bacteria causing this fever. This type of species can survive in environments which are rich in oxygen and these are also found in sewage, water bodies and sometimes foods too.
After the invasion of the bacteria into the human body through the contaminated foods and drinks, it enters into the intestinal cells of the human body later it passes through the bloodstream and destroys the lymphatic system and spreads throughout the body. This bacterium is mainly carried by the white blood cells present in liver and also the bone marrow. There they multiply and reenter the blood cells, which causes a number of symptoms to appear in the later stages.
The symptoms of typhoid are as shown in the figure above. They are –
- Typhoid causes profuse sweating
- Illness or weakness
- Loss of appetite
- Develop hallucinations
- Develop abdominal pain
- Ulcers and body stools
- Severe headaches and irritation
- High fever
- Dehydration in the body
- Develop skin rashes
- Constipation and etc
Treatment and prevention of typhoid
Sanitation is one of the most important things that one can do to prevent the infection of diseases. The other way would be the use of antibiotics that can kill the disease causing germs. Also by maintaining good and hygienic food habits, one can get rid of diseases easily.
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