**CBSE Class 10 Maths Arithmetic Progression Notes:-**Download PDF Here

Get the complete notes on arithmetic progressions class 10. In this article, we are going to discuss the introduction to Arithmetic Progression (AP), general terms, and various formulas in AP such as the sum of n terms of an AP, nth term of an AP and so on in detail.

## Introduction to AP

### Sequences, Series and Progressions

- A
**sequence**is a finite or infinite list of numbersÂ following aÂ certain pattern. For example – 1,2,3,4,5â€¦ is theÂ sequence is infinite.sequence of natural numbers. - A
**series**Â is the sum of the elements in the corresponding sequence.Â For example – 1+2+3+4+5â€¦.is the series of natural numbers.Â Each number in a sequence or a series is called a term. - A
**progression**is a sequence in which the general term can be can be expressed using a mathematical formula.

### Arithmetic Progression

An arithmetic progression (A.P) is a progression in which the **difference** between two **consecutive** terms is constant.

Example: 2,5,8,11,14…. is an arithmetic progression.

### Common Difference

The difference between two consecutive terms in an AP, (*which is constant*) is the “**common difference**“**(d)**Â of an A.P.Â In the progression: *2,5,8,11,14*Â …the common difference is 3.

As it is the difference between any two consecutive terms. For any A.P, if the common difference is:

- Â Â
**positive**, the AP is**increasing**. - Â Â
**zero**, the AP is**constant**. - Â
**negative**, the A.P is**decreasing.**

### Finite and Infinite AP

- A finite AP is an A.P in which the number of terms is finite. For example: the A.P:
*Â 2,5,8……32,35,38Â* - An
**infinite**A.P is an A.P in which the**number of terms is infinite**. For example:*Â 2,5,8,11…..*

A finite A.P will have the last term, whereas an infinite A.P won’t.

## General Term of AP

### The nth term of an AP

The nth term of an A.P is given by Tn=a+(nâˆ’1)d, where **a** is the first term,Â **d **is a common difference and **nÂ **is the number of terms.

### The general form of an AP

The general form of an A.P is: (** a, a+d,a+2d,a+3d……)**Â where

**a**is the first term and

**d**is aÂ common difference. Here, d=0, OR d>0, OR d<0

## Sum of Terms in an AP

### The formula for the sum to n terms of an AP

The sum to n terms of an A.P is given by:

Sn=n/2(2a+(nâˆ’1)d)

Where **a** is the first term, **d** is the common difference and **n** is the number of terms.

The sum of n terms of an A.P is also given by

Sn=n/2(a+l)

Where **a** is the first term, **l** is the last term of the A.P.Â and **n** is the number of terms.

### Arithmetic Mean (A.M)

The Arithmetic Mean is the simple average of a given set of numbers. The arithmetic mean of a set of numbers is given by:

A.M=Â Sum of terms/Number of terms

The arithmetic mean is defined for any set of numbers. The numbers need not necessarily be in an A.P.

### Basic Adding Patterns in an AP

The sum of two terms that are equidistant from either end of an AP is constant.

For example:Â in an A.P: *2,5,8,11,14,17…*

T1+T6=2+17=19

T2+T5=5+14=19 and so on….

Algebraically, this can be represented as

Tr+T(nâˆ’r)+1=constant

### Sum of first n natural numbers

The **sum** of first **n** natural numbers is given by:

Sn=n(n+1)/2

This formula is derived by treating the sequence of natural numbers as an A.P where the first term (a) = 1 and the common difference (d) = 1.