Cube root of number is a value which when multiplied by itself thrice or three times produces the original value. For example, the cube root of 27, denoted as ^{3}√27, is 3, because when we multiply 3 by itself three times we get 3 x 3 x 3 = 27 = 3^{3}. So, we can say, the cube root gives the value which is basically cubed. Here, 27 is said to be a perfect cube. From the word, cube root, we can understand what is the root of the cube. It means which number caused the cube present under the root. Usually, to find the cubic root of perfect cubes, we use the prime factorisation method. In a similar manner, we can learn the significance of square root here.
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In three-dimensional geometry, when we learn about different solids, the cube defines an object which has all its faces or sides equal in dimensions. Also, the formula to find the volume of the cube is equal to side^{3}. Hence, if we know the volume of the cube we can easily find the side length of it using cube root formula. This is one of the major applications of cube roots. It defines the cubic root of volume of the cube is equal to the side of it.
Cube Root Symbol
The cube root symbol is denoted by ‘^{3}√’. In the case of square root, we have used just the root symbol such as ‘√’, which is also called a radical. Hence, symbolically we can represent the cube root of different numbers as: Cube root of 5 = ^{3}√5 Cube root of 11 = ^{3}√11 And so on.
Also, read:
Cube Root Formula
As we already know, the cube root gives a value which can be cubed to get the original value. Suppose, cube root of ‘a’ gives a value ‘b’, such that;
^{3}√a = b This formula is only possible if and only if; a = b^{3}
This formula is useful when we find the cubic root of perfect cubes.
Perfect Cubes:
Number | Cubes |
1 | 1 |
2 | 8 |
3 | 27 |
4 | 64 |
5 | 125 |
6 | 216 |
7 | 343 |
8 | 512 |
9 | 729 |
10 | 1000 |
Taking the cube root of the above cubes is very easy. But for imperfect cubes, we cannot evaluate the cube root this easily. Hence, below is the table for different values of cube root, which students can memorise to solve the questions based on this concept.
Cube Root 1 to 30
Number | Cube Root (^{3}√) |
1 | 1.000 |
2 | 1.260 |
3 | 1.442 |
4 | 1.587 |
5 | 1.710 |
6 | 1.817 |
7 | 1.913 |
8 | 2.000 |
9 | 2.080 |
10 | 2.154 |
11 | 2.224 |
12 | 2.289 |
13 | 2.351 |
14 | 2.410 |
15 | 2.466 |
16 | 2.520 |
17 | 2.571 |
18 | 2.621 |
19 | 2.668 |
20 | 2.714 |
21 | 2.759 |
22 | 2.802 |
23 | 2.844 |
24 | 2.884 |
25 | 2.924 |
26 | 2.962 |
27 | 3.000 |
28 | 3.037 |
29 | 3.072 |
30 | 3.107 |
How to Find Cube Root?
To find the cubic root of a number easily, we can use the prime factorisation method. By evaluating the prime factors we can pair similar digits in a group of three and take them out as a single digit from the cubic root. Let us take an example of finding the cube root of 8. By factoring 8, we get; 8 = 2 x 2 x 2 8 = 2^{3}
Now, if we take the cubic root both the sides, then the cube of 2 cancels the cubic root. Hence, we get the value of ^{3}√8 Therefore,
^{3}√8 = 2
Also, check: How to find cube root by Prime factorisation and Estimation Method
Cube Root Questions
1. Find the cube root of 64.
Solution: To find the cube root of 64, we need to use the prime factorisation method. 64 = 2×2×2×2×2×2 64 = 4 × 4 × 4 64 = 4^{3}
Now taking the cube root on both the sides, we get;
^{3}√64 = ^{3}√(4^{3})
^{3}√64 = 4
2. What is the cube root of 1331?
Solution: Using the prime factorisation method, we get; 1331 = 11×11×11 1331 = 11^{3}
^{3}√1331 = 11
3. Find the cube root of 216.
Solution: By prime factorisation, we know; 216 = 2×2×2×3×3×3 216 = 2^{3}×3^{3}
216 = (2×3)^{3} = 6^{3}
^{3}√216 = 6
4. Find ^{3}√343.
Solution: By prime factorisation 343 = 7x7x7 343 = 7^{3}
^{3}√343 = 7
5. Evaluate the value of ^{3}√1728.
Solution: Using prime factorisation method; 1728 = 2×2×2×2×2×2×3×3×3 1728 = 2^{3}×2^{3}x3^{3}
1728 = (2×2×3)^{3}
1728 = 12^{3}
^{3}√1728 = 12