A horizontal line is a straight line that goes from left to right or right to left. In coordinate geometry, a line is said to be horizontal if two points on the line have the same Y- coordinate points. It comes from the term “horizon”. It means that the horizontal lines are always parallel to the horizon or the x-axis. The graph of the horizontal line can be plotted in the cartesian plane.
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Horizontal Line Definition
The meaning horizontal line is a straight line that is mapped from left to right and it is parallel to the X-axis in the plane coordinate system. In other words, the straight line that does not make any intercept on the X-axis and it can have an intercept on Y-axis is called horizontal line. This means that the line that does not touch any point on the X-axis. A vertical line is always perpendicular to the horizontal line.
Horizontal Line Equation
The equation always takes the form:
y = k |
where k is the y-intercept.
It is observed that the horizontal lines have the same slope, so the slope of the horizontal line is always zero.
Examples of horizontal line equations are:
- y = 2
- y = -1
- y = -3
- y = 5
- y = 7
Slope of Horizontal line
If we compare, the given equation, with the equation of line in the slope-intercept form, we get;
y = mx + c and y = k
m = 0
Therefore, the slope of the horizontal line is always equal to zero.
How to Draw Horizontal Line?
Construction of horizontal line in XY coordinate is a simple method.
- To draw a horizontal line, we need to know the dimensions of point (i.e.,x and y value)
- Now, we can locate the point in the XY plane
- Taking the point (x,y) as the reference point, we need to draw a line parallel to the x-axis
- Thus, a horizontal line is drawn
Let us see some examples here.
Example 1: Draw the horizontal line y = 3.
Example 2: Draw the horizontal line y = -2.
Horizontal Line Symmetry
The line of symmetry can be either horizontal, vertical or diagonal. If the line of symmetry is parallel to the horizontal plane, then it is known as the horizontal line of symmetry. We can also find the line of symmetry in shapes also. This means that the line divides the shapes into two parts as mirror images. Some of the examples of symmetry are given here.
Horizontal Line Test
The test is used to find whether the function is one-to-one. (i.e., injective). For a given function, we can decide whether the function is injective or not, by looking at the horizontal lines that intersect the functional graph. This means that if the line that cuts the graph in more than one point, is not a one-to-one function. And also, this test is performed to find whether the function is bijective (one-to-one correspondence) or subjective (onto function).
Horizontal Line Segment
It is defined as the part of the horizontal line that is limited by the two definite points. Those two points are called endpoints.
Horizontal and Vertical Lines
Let us list the difference between horizontal and vertical lines here.
Horizontal line | Vertical line |
Parallel to horizon | Perpendicular to horizontal lines |
It goes left to right or right to left | It goes up to down or down to up |
Example: y = 3 is horizontal line equation | Example: x = -2 is vertical line equation |
The similarity between horizontal and vertical lines is both will have a one-variable equation.
Solved Examples
Q.1: Determine the horizontal line equation, whose y-intercept is (0, 2)
Solution:
Given:
Y-intercept = (0, 2)
We know that,
The general equation of the horizontal line is y=k
Here, “k” is the y-intercept. So the value of k = 2
Therefore, the equation of the horizontal line is y = 2.
Q.2: Determine the equation of the horizontal line given in the figure.
Solution: We can see in the given figure that, the horizontal line passes through the point (0,4).
Hence, the equation of the line is y = 4.
Practice Questions
- Draw a line parallel to the x-axis and passing through the point (2,3)
- Draw a horizontal line having the equation y = -3.5.
- If a horizontal line passes through the point (1,-5), what is the equation of the line?
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