Coronary Artery Disease is a condition that occurs owing to the lipid deposition of plaque in coronary arteries. It is termed as atherosclerosis which in turn leads to blockages. The artery becomes more rigid and narrow thus restricting the smooth flow of blood to the heart. It is considered as the first stage in the development of the plaque. The most concerning factor of coronary artery disease is that the plaque could rupture causing heart attack which might cause sudden cardiac death due to congestive heart failure.
How do these diseases develop?
At the very young age, cholesterol-laden plaque tends to deposit in the blood vessel walls. As you grow old, deposition of plague increases or burden loads leading to blood clots and massive heart attacks. The plaques release a kind of chemicals that promote the process of healing but in turn, it makes the inner walls of the blood vessel sticky.
Calcium and inflammatory cells that flow in the blood stream blends into the existing plaque in the inner walls of the blood vessels. As the number of these cells accumulates along with the cholesterol deposition it grows into a bigger plague, as a result, it pushes artery walls outwards.
Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms
The prime symptom of Coronary Artery disease is in the form of chest pain. Other main symptoms that might occur include:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Uneven heartbeats.
Premature Coronary Artery Disease
Factors that would cause early heart attacks in young people rise due to the hereditary distortion of the coronary artery anatomy, blockage of arteries, clotting of coronary arteries or as mentioned earlier due to inflammation of the coronary arteries also holds responsible.
Coronary Artery Disease Treatment
Treatment aims at lowering the risk of heart attacks but it cannot be completely cured, Some include:
- Widening of clogged arteries.
- Making some changes in your lifestyle.
- Preventing complications of coronary heart disease.
- Relieving symptoms.
Healthy lifestyle changes are listed below:
- Eat nutritious and Healthy food.
- Exercise frequently.
- Lose surplus weight.
- Lessen stress.
Various types of medicine
Medication has to be undergone with the guidance of the doctor as it should not be stopped abruptly. They are used to widen your arteries and also helps in reducing blood pressure. Some of them include Calcium Channel Blockers, Angiotensin II receptor antagonists, Diuretics, and Nitrates.
To know more about heart disease and symptoms of heart attack, you could visit us at Byju’s.
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