There is abundance in the variety of food we eat. We never seem to go out of stock with food resources. But where does all this food come from? From farms to our kitchens, food goes through several processes and is finally made available to us.
Food is the most essential and nutritious substance we provide to our body. It acts as a fuel which charges our body to perform daily chores. Our food usually is made up of 2 or more ingredients. It consists of nutrients such as fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals essential for the functioning of our body.
We obtain food from plants and animals, the food chain gives a brief idea of this. Plants are the basic producers. The entire food chain is dependant on plants. Plants provide food in the form of vegetables and fruits which are consumed directly. Other edible parts of plants are:
- Stem and leaves – Celery, spinach, curry leaves, mint leaves
- Roots – Onion, Beetroot, Potato, carrot.
- Seeds – Rice, wheat, legumes, pulses, nuts
We also obtain flour from plants which are extensively used across the baking industry to bake cakes, pastries, bread, pasta, biscuits etc. Food from plants is rich in vitamins and minerals. It also contains dietary fibres which add bulk to our food necessary for digestion.
Animals are another important source of food for us. They are rich in proteins and vitamins and other essential nutrients. Important staples like milk from cows, goats, buffaloes are processed and consumed every day. This milk is further used to make curd, cheese, butter, cottage cheese, clarified butter etc. Other important staples include chicken, fish, eggs, honey.
Most of this food comes from farmed animals under a controlled environment to be devoid of any harmful substances. Animals that eat other animals are either carnivorous or omnivorous animals. Some animals such as microbes(bacteria, fungi) feed on the decaying matter of animals and plants and are called decomposers. They are present in the air, water and soil.
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