It is of great importance that one understands where or what their source of food is.
A balanced diet is a necessity if one wants to lead a healthy life. This balanced diet involves different carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, fats and so on. So, how does one ensure that a balanced diet is maintained?
The first step is to know where do they come from so that we can understand the different nutrients provided by that particular item of food. Let’s have a glimpse of food sources and plant and animal products we consume.
Also Read: Food Materials and Sources
The sources of food are broadly classified into two groups, plants and animals and their related products.
Food From Plants
Plants are a source of a wide variety of nutrients required to keep the human body in perfect working condition. Humans consume everything from fruits, flowers, even the stem of some plants, leaves and stem-like lettuce, celery, roots of some plants like carrots, beetroot, and seeds like wheat, rice, etc.
All food comes from plants, even animals depend on plants. Hence, we obtain food from plants directly or indirectly. The reason one is advised to consume fruits and vegetables on a daily basis is that it is a source of rich nutrients.
Plants provide us with vegetables, coffee, cereals, pulses, fruits, sugar, spices, oil, etc. Different parts of the plants provide different food materials. Let us have a look at some of the food obtained from different parts of the plant.
Vegetables are obtained from the plants. Some nutrient-rich vegetables such as beetroot, turnip, spinach, cauliflower, etc. are obtained from plants. Roots, leaves, and stem of some plants are edible.
Radish, turnip, carrot, beetroot are some of the roots that are eaten as vegetables.
Potato and ginger are the stems that are eaten as vegetables.
Spinach, cabbage, lettuce are the leaves eaten as vegetables.
Broccoli and cauliflower are the flowers eaten in the form of vegetables.
Fruits are a healthy source of food from plants. Orange, mango, apple, grapes are some of the fruits consumed by humans.
Cereals include rice, wheat, maize, jowar, barley, etc. These are a rich source of nutrients provided by the plants.
Coffee and tea are widely grown in the southern parts of India. These are also obtained from the plants. Not just these, sugar is also obtained from the plants. It is processed from the sugarcane plant.
Oil can be extracted from the seeds and leaves of the plants. Some of the plants producing oil are castor, mustard, and sunflower.
Cinnamon, cardamom, pepper, clove, cumin seeds, and ginger are obtained from the plants and used for cooking purposes.
Also Read: Food Deficiency
Food From Animals
Animal products are used as food directly or indirectly. Milk, eggs and meat are important examples of food from animals.
Animal products too are a rich source of nutrients. The food chain is composed of exactly these animals starting with organisms that use the energy of the sun to the apex at which the organisms are predators and rely on producers.
Let us have a look at some of the food obtained from animals:
Cows, buffaloes, sheep, goat, and camels are a great source of milk. Milk is also called as an ideal food. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
Chickens, ducks, geese, and quails are raised for eggs and meat. The egg is a rich source of protein and vitamin. The yolk of the egg is mostly made up of egg. It also contains vitamins, phosphorus, calcium and iron.
Meat is of two types- red meat and white meat.
The meat of cow, goat, sheep and pigs has a lot of fat and is called red meat. White meat contains less fat and is obtained from chicken and fish. White meat is healthier and can be easily digested as compared to the red meat.
Meat is rich in proteins, vitamins, zinc, phosphorus and iron.
Also Read: Vitamins and Minerals
For more information on food from plants and food from animals, keep visiting BYJU’S website or download the BYJU’S app for further reference.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are food sources?
Food sources are the different sources that provide food for the survival of humans and animals. The major sources of food on earth are plants and animals.
What are the main sources of food?
Plants and animals are the main source of food for all the organisms on earth. Food obtained from animals is the main source of protein and include fish, milk, meat, poultry, and cheese. Whereas plants provide us with fruits and vegetables, which are an important source of fibres, proteins and carbohydrates.
What are the different food products obtained from animals?
The food obtained from animals include beef, pork, meat, egg, milk, and chicken. These food products are highly nutritious and rich in proteins and fats.
What are the foods obtained from plants?
The foods obtained from plants include fruits, vegetables, rice, wheat, maize, pulses, and other food crops which are highly rich in proteins, fibres and carbohydrates.
How many edible plant species are there on earth?
There are more than 3 lakh edible plant species in the world. However, only 300 species are eaten by humans around the world.
What are the different parts of the plants that are used as food?
The roots, stem, leaves, flowers, seeds and fruits of a plant are used as food. For eg., carrot, radish, potato, turnip, beetroot and sweet potato.
What are the main components of food?
The main components of food include- vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, fibres and water.
How are animals an important source of food?
The food obtained from animals provides a variety of micronutrients that are difficult to obtain from plant sources. The food obtained by them is highly nutritious and rich in vitamins and proteins.