A healthy life is a dream of each individual. World Health Organization (WHO) declared April 7th as World Health Day. This is celebrated with the goal of creating awareness among each individual. For being healthy we need to know the actual meaning of health and hygiene. Let us discuss more on health and hygiene.
According to WHO, health is“a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” As per the definition, a person cannot be said to be healthy merely by a disease-free condition. He/ she should be physically as well as mentally healthy. This demands a hygienic condition. Health and hygiene are two correlated terms.
Health and Hygiene
Hygiene can be defined as the practice of certain habits to maintain a good health. It can be at the personal level (personal hygiene) and at the community level (social hygiene).
Personal hygiene: Personal level hygiene includes cleanliness, physical exercise, proper rest, and sleep and other habits like avoiding smoking, drinking alcohols, drugs etc.. Majority of diseases can be prevented by keeping a good personal hygiene.
Social hygiene: Society includes the surrounding we live and other public places. A good environment has a great impact on the physical and mental condition of an individual. The untidy and improper way of disposal of waste in public places leads to unhealthy conditions. These lead to uncontrolled growth of rodents and disease-causing and carrying microbes and make us ill. Hence social hygiene is as important as personal hygiene.
A disease is a term used to define the uncomfortable condition or discomfort we feel. The term disease-free is entirely different from the term being healthy even though they are correlated. A disease is diagnosed by certain symptoms and signs.
Also Read: Need for Hygiene and Sanitation
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