Overview of Paralysis
Paralysis is a condition where the individual loses their ability to move some or all parts of their body. Paralysis can have many causes, some of which may be attributed to physical trauma – like an accident, sickness and disease – such as a brain tumour or stroke.
Even an ordinary function like sleep also induces paralysis. This is important as it prevents the limbs from flailing about and causing injury. Anaesthesia also contains many components to induce numbness and purposeful movements, which essentially causes a type of “controlled” paralysis.
The major causes of paralysis include:
- Head injury
- Spinal cord injury
- Multiple sclerosis
- Cerebral palsy
- Peripheral neuropathy
Symptoms of Paralysis
Paralysis symptoms usually vary based on the causal factor. But below are the common characteristic symptoms of paralysis:
- Sudden or gradual onset of numbness to:
- One of the arms or legs
- Both the legs
- Both the arms and legs
- One side of the body
- Spastic or Flaccid muscles in the affected area
- Loss of balance
Heat massage, exercises, physiotherapy stimulate the nerves and muscles. Electrical stimulations are also used to treat the patients.
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