Symptoms of Thyroid

Symptoms of thyroid

The thyroid gland is a large, ductless, butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the anterior of the neck just beneath Adam’s apple. This gland functions by producing hormones that regulate temperature, heartbeat, and metabolism.

Thyroid disease is the quite common disorder that could cause severe symptoms due to underactive and over the functioning of the thyroid gland. The thyroid disease also results in enlargement of the gland and can also cause symptoms which are directly related to the increase in the size of the organ such as discomfort for front neck and difficulty in swallowing.

If the thyroid gland does not function properly, one of the below disorders are bound to occur:

Hyperthyroidism: The disorder in which the thyroid gland is overactive and produces a huge quantity of thyroid hormone.

Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland becomes underactive or sluggish and does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

Let us look at some of the common symptoms of the thyroid disorder:

Nervousness – The overactive influence of the thyroid gland known as hyperthyroidism could show these symptoms along with agitation.

Racing heartbeat – An abnormal increase in the rate of the heartbeat which is called tachycardia and palpitations can be the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Menstrual changes – This could be affected by both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

A patient with hypothyroidism is associated with the abnormal, reduced menstrual flow. In very rare cases, the absence of menstruation or heavy menstrual flow is also observed with this disorder.

A patient with hyperthyroidism is associated with the prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding.

Bloated Feeling – The signs of the underactive thyroid gland is fluid retention.

Losing concentration – Mental functioning could be affected by both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Depressed mood is often associated with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism could also lead to reduced concentration capacity.

Since the symptoms of thyroid problems vary with the types of thyroid disorder, Henceforth it is important to note that none of these symptoms are specific for thyroid disease. They could also be caused by some other conditions. It is better to consult the health care professionals to examine the function of the thyroid gland if any of the symptoms persist.

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Practise This Question

The diagram represents the 'central dogma' of molecular biology. choose the correct combination of labelling.