One of the form of asexual reproduction is budding. In budding a new individual grows from a generative bud due to cell division at that site. The new individual remains attached to the parent organism until it matures, once it is matured, it detaches from the parent organism. The newly developed organism is genetically identical to the parent organism. This kind of reproduction is generally observed in yeast and some Multi-Cellular Organisms such as budding in hydra and sponge. Reproduction in yeast by budding results in the formation of mother and daughter cell. The daughter cell is comparatively smaller than that of the parent cell. In multi-cellular organisms like hydra and sponge, they have different cell types. They develop an outgrowth or bud which after getting matured detaches itself from the parent organism and becomes a new organism.
Binary fission is a reproduction process in which the individual splits into two individuals due to the formation of mitosis. This kind of reproduction is generally found in prokaryotes.
Difference between Binary Fission and Budding
|In budding we have an outgrowth or formation of bud to form the new individual.
|In binary fission a single individual is split into two individuals with mitotic cell division.
|One new individual is formed without any change in the parent organism.||The old individual is split into two new organisms.|
|It is a type of vegetative propagation||It is a binary fission reproduction.|
|Generally eukaryotes are reproduced by budding.||Prokaryotes are reproduced.|
|Cytoplasm is unevenly divided.||Cytoplasm is evenly divided.|
This was just the brief layout about the reproduction of asexual organism through budding and binary fission process. It also included the difference between budding and binary fission. To know more about these two methods of Asexual Reproduction and understand with the help of examples watch the video.